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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 953 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LOUIS CHARLES DELESCLUZE (1809–1871), French journalist, was born at Dreux on the and of October 1809. Having studied law in Paris, he early developed a strong democratic bent, and played a part in the July revolution of r83o. He became a member of various republican societies, and in 1836 was forced to take refuge in Belgium, where he devoted himself to republican journalism. Returning in 184o he settled in Valenciennes, and after the revolution of 1848 removed to Paris, where he started a newspaper called La Revolution democratique et sociale. His zeal so far outran his discretion that he was twice imprisoned and fined, his paper was suppressed and he himself fled to England, where he continued his journalistic work. He was arrested in Paris in 18J3, and deported to French Guiana. Released under the amnesty of 1859, he returned to France with health shattered but energies unimpaired. His next venture was the publication of the Reveil, a radical organ upholding the principles of the Association internationale des travailleurs, known as the " Internationale." This journal, which brought him three condemnations, fine and imprisonment in one year, shared the fate of his Paris sheet, and its founder again fled to Belgium. In 1871 he was elected to the National Assembly, becoming afterwards a member of the Paris commune. At the siege of Paris he fought with reckless courage, and met his death on the last of the barricades (May 1871). He wrote an account of his imprisonment in Guiana, De Paris a Cayenne, Journal d'un transports (Paris, 1869).
End of Article: LOUIS CHARLES DELESCLUZE (1809–1871)

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