Greek usage the
See also:master of a
See also:household, hence the ruler of slaves . It was also used by the Greeks of their gods, as was the feminine
See also:form & rou'a . It was, however, principally applied by the Greeks to the absolute monarchs of the eastern empires with which they came in contact; and it is in this sense that the word, like its
See also:equivalent "
See also:tyrant," is in current usage for an absolute
See also:sovereign whose
See also:rule is not restricted by any constitution . In the
See also:empire of the East "
See also:despot " was early used as a title of
See also:honour or address of the emperor, and was given by Alexius I . (ro81–1118) to the sons,
See also:brothers and sons-in-
See also:law of the emperor (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, ed . Bury, vol. vi . 8o) . It does not seem that the title was confined to the
See also:heir-apparent by Alexius II . (see
See also:Selden, Titles of Honour,
See also:part ii.
See also:chap. i. s. vi.) . Later still it was adopted by the vassal princes of the empire . This gave rise to the name "despotats " as applied to these tributary states, which survived the break-up of the empire in the
See also:independent " despotats " of
See also:Epirus, Cyprus,
See also:Trebizond, &c . Under
See also:Ottoman rule the title was preserved by the despots of
See also:Servia and of the Morea, &c .
The early use of the
See also:term as a title of address for ecclesiastical dignitaries survives in its use in the Greek
See also:Church as the formal mode of addressing a
See also:bishop .
PHILIPPE DESPORTES (1546-1606)
SUZANNE DESPRLS (1875– )
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