Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 111 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JEAN BAPTISTE DETAILLE $DOUARD (1848-WA) ), French painter, was born in Paris on the 5th of October 1848. After working as a pupil of Meissonier's, he first exhibited, in the Salon of 1867, a picture representing " A Corner of Meissonier's Studio." Military life was from the first a principal attraction to the young painter, and he gained his reputation by depicting the scenes of a soldier's life with every detail truthfully rendered. He exhibited "A Halt " (1868); " Soldiers at rest, during the Manoeuvres at the Camp of Saint Maur " (1869); " Engagement between Cossacks and the Imperial Guard, 1814" (187o). The war of 187o-71 furnished him with a series of subjects 'which gained him repeated successes. Among his more important pictures may be named " The Conquerors " (1872); " The Retreat " (1873) ; " The Charge of the 9th Regiment of Cuirassiers in the Village of Morsbronn, 6th August 187o " (1874); " The Marching Regiment, Paris, December 1874 " (1875); " A Reconnaissance " (1876); "Hail to the Wounded!" (1877); " Bonaparte in Egypt " (1878); the " Inauguration of the New Opera House "—a water-colour; the " Defence of Champigny by Faron's Division " (1879). He also worked with Alphonse de Neuville on the panorama of Rezonville. In 1884 he exhibited at the Salon the " Evening at Rezonville," a panoramic study, and " The Dream " (1888), now in the Luxemburg. Detaille recorded other events in the military history of his country: the " Sortie of the Garrison of Huningue " (now in the Luxemburg), the " Vincendon Brigade," and " Bizerte," reminiscences of the expedition to Tunis. After a visit to Russia, Detaille exhibited " The Cossacks of the Ataman " and " The Hereditary Grand Duke at the Head of the Hussars of the Guard." Other important works are: " Victims to Duty," " The Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught" and "Pasteur's Funeral." In his picture of " Chalons, 9th October 1896," exhibited in the Salon, 1898, Detaille painted the emperor and empress of Russia at a review, with M. Felix Faure. Detaille became a member of the French Institute in 1898. See Marius Vachon, Detaille (Paris, 1898) ; Frederic Masson, Edouard Detaille and his work (Paris and London, 1891) ; J. Claretie, Peintres et sculpteurs contemporains (Paris, 1876); G. Goetschy. Les Jeunes peintres militaires (Paris, 1878). DETAINER(from detain, Lat. detinere); in law, the act of keeping a person against his will, or the wrongful keeping of a person's goods, or other real or personal property. A writ of detainer was a form for the beginning of a personal action against a person already lodged within the walls of a prison; it was superseded by the Judgment Act 1838.

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