DIALECT (from Gr. Sia stcror, conversation, manner of speaking, &aXeyec6at, to converse) , a particular or characteristic manner of speech, and hence any variety of alanguage . In its widest sense
See also:languages which are branches of a
See also:common or
See also:parent language may be said to be " dialects " of that language; thus
See also:Attic, Ionic, Aeolic and Doric are dialects of Greek, though there may never have at any
See also:time been a
See also:separate language of which they were variations; so the various
See also:Romance languages,
See also:Italian, French,
See also:Spanish, &c., were dialects of Latin . Again, where there have existed side by side, as in England, various branches of a language, such as the languages of the Angles, the
See also:Jutes or the
See also:Saxons, and the descendant of one particular language, from many causes, has obtained the predominance, the traces of the other languages remain in the " dialects " of the districts where once the
See also:original language prevailed . Thus it may be incorrect, from the
See also:historical point of view, to say that " dialect " varieties of a language represent degradations of the standard language . A "
See also:literary accepted language, such as
See also:English, represents the original language spoken in the Midlands,, with accretions of Norman, French, and later literary and scientific additions from classical and other
See also:sources, while the
See also:day " dialects " preserve, in inflections, pronunciation and particular words, traces of the original variety of the language not incorporated in the standard language of the
See also:country . See the various articles on languages (English, French, &c.) .
DIALECTIC, or DIALECTICS
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