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DIKE, or DYKE (Old Eng. dic, a word w...

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Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 270 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DIKE, or DYKE (Old Eng. dic, a word which appears in various forms in many Teutonic
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languages, cf. Dutch dijk, German Teich, Danish dige, and in French, derived from Teutonic, digue; it is the same word as " ditch " and is ultimately connected with the ro
  ot of " dig "), properly a trench dug out of the earth for defensive and other purposes .
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Water naturally collects in such trenches, and hence the word is applied to natural and artificial channels filled with water, as appears in the proverbial expression "
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February fill-dyke," and in the names of many narrow water-ways in East Anglia . " Dike " also is naturally used of the
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bank of earth thrown up out of the ditch, and so of any
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embankment,
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dam or
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causeway, particularly the defensive
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works in Holland, the Fen
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district of England, and other low-lying districts which are liable to flooding by the sea or rivers (see HOLLAND and
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FENS) . In Scotland any wall, fence or even hedge, used as a boundary is called a dyke . In geology the
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term is applied to wall-like masses or rock (sometimes projecting beyond the surrounding
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surface) which fill up vertical or highly inclined fissures in the strata .

End of Article: DIKE, or DYKE (Old Eng. dic, a word which appears in various forms in many Teutonic languages, cf. Dutch dijk, German Teich, Danish dige, and in French, derived from Teutonic, digue; it is the same word as " ditch " and is ultimately connected with the ro
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