See also:rate of wages . Incomplete copies of it have been discovered at various times in various places, the first (in Greek and Latin) in 1709, at Stratonicea in
See also:Caria, by W . Sherard,
See also:consul at
See also:Smyrna, containing the preamble and the beginning of the tables down to No . 403 . This partial copy was completed by W . Bankes in 1817 . A second fragment (now in the museum at
See also:Aix in
See also:Provence) was brought from
See also:Egypt in 1809; it supplements the preamble by specifying the titles of the emperors and Caesars and the number of times they had held them, whereby the date of publication can be accurately determined . For other fragments and their localities see Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (iii., 1873, pp . 8or and 1055; and supplement i., 1893, p . 1909);
See also:special mention may be made of those of Elatea,
See also:Plataea and
See also:Megalopolis . Latin being the official language all over the
See also:empire, there was no official Greek
See also:translation (except for
See also:Greece proper), as is shown by the variations in those portions of the text of which more than one Greek version is extant .
Further, all the fragments come from the provinces which were under thejurisdiction of
See also:Diocletian, from which it is argued that the edict was only published in the eastern portion of the empire; certainly the phrase universo orbi in the preamble is against this, but the words may merely be an exaggerated description of Diocletian's special provinces, and if it had been published in the western portion as well, it is curious that no traces have been found of it . The articles mentioned in the edict, which is chiefly interesting as giving their relative values at the
See also:time, include cereals,
See also:wine, oil,
See also:meat, vegetables, fruits, skins,
See also:leather, furs,
See also:timber, carpets, articles of
See also:dress, and the wages range from the ordinary labourer to the professional
See also:advocate . The unit of
See also:money was the denarius, not the
See also:silver, but a copper
See also:coin introduced by Diocletian, of which the value has been fixed approximately at --th of a
See also:penny . The punishment for exceeding the prices fixed was
See also:death or
See also:deportation . The edict was a well-intended but abortive attempt, in
See also:great measure in the interests of the soldiers, to meet the
See also:distress caused by several
See also:bad harvests and commercial
See also:speculation . The actual effect was disastrous; the restrictions thus placed upon commercial freedom brought about a disturbance of the
See also:food supply in non-productive countries, many traders were ruined, and the edict soon fell into
See also:abeyance . See Lactantius, De mortibus persecutorum, vii.; a contemporary who, as a Christian, writes with natural
See also:bias against Diocletian ; T .
See also:Mommsen, Das Edict Diocletians (1851) ; W . M .
See also:Leake, An Edict of Diocletian (1826); W . H . Waddington, L'Edit de Diocletien (1864), and E .
Lepaulle, L'Edit de maximum (1886), both containing introductions and ample notes; J . C . Rolfe and F . B .
See also:Tarbell in Papers of the
See also:American School of Classical Studies at Athens, v . (1892) Plataea) ; W . Loring in Journal of Hellenic Studies, xi . (1890) (Megalopolis); P .
See also:Paris in Bulletin de correspondance hellenique, ix . (1885) (Elatea) . There is an edition of the whole by Mommsen, with notes by H . Blumner (1893) .
DIOCLETIAN (GAIUs AURELIUS VALERIUS DIOCLETIANUS) (...
GIOVANNI DIODATI (1576-1649)
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