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REINHART PIETER ANNE DOZY (182o-1883)

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Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 463 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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REINHART PIETER ANNE DOZY (182o-1883), Dutch Arabic scholar of French (Huguenot) origin, was born at Leiden in February 1820. The Dozys, like so many other contemporary hero in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1893), The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902), and The Return of Sherlock Holmes (1905). His later books include numerous novels; plays, The Story of Waterloo (1894), in which Sir Henry Irving played the leading part, The Fires of Fate (1909), and The House of Temperley (1909); and two books in defence of the British army in South Africa—The Great Boer War (1900) and The War in South Africa; its Causes and Conduct (1902). Dr Conan Doyle served as registrar of the Langman Field Hospital in South Africa, and was knighted French families, emigrated to the Low Countries after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, but some of the former appear to have settled in Holland as early as 1647. Dozy studied at the university of Leiden, obtained the degree of doctor in 1844, was appointed an extraordinary professor of history in r85o, and professor in 1857. The first results of his extensive studies in Oriental literature, Arabic language and history, manifested themselves in 1847, when he published Al-Marrakushi's History of the Almohades (Leiden, end ed., 1881), which, together with his Scriptorum Arabum loci de A bbaditis (Leiden, 1846–1863, 3 vols.), his editions of Ibn-Adhari's History of Africa and Spain (Leiden, 1848–1852, 3 vols.), of Ibn-Badrun's Historical Commentary on the Poem of Ibn-Abdun (Leiden, 1848), and his Dictionnaire detainee' des noms des vetements chez les Arabes (Amsterdam, 1845)—a work crowned by the Dutch Institute—stamped Dozy as one of the most learned and critical Arabic scholars of his day. But his real fame as a historian mainly rests on his great work, Histoire des Mussulmans d'Espagne, jusqu'd la conquete de t' Andalousie par les Almoravides, 711–1110 (Leiden, 1861; end ed., ibid., 1881); a graphically written account of Moorish dominion in Spain, which shed new light on many obscure points, and has remained the standard work on the subject. Dozy's Recherches sur l' histoire et la litterature de l'Espagne pendant le moyen dge (Leiden, 2 vols., 1849; 2nd and 3rd ed., completely recast, 186o and 1881) form a needful and wonderfully trenchant supplement to his Histoire des Mussulmans, in which he mercilessly exposes the many tricks and falsehoods of the monks in their chronicles, and effectively demolishes a good part of the Cid legends. As an Arabic scholar Dozy stands well-nigh unsurpassed in his Supplement aux dictionnaires arabes (Leiden, 1877-1881, 2 vols.), a work full of research and learning, a storehouse of Arabic lore. To the same class belongs his Glossaire des mots espagnols et portugais, derives de l'Arabe, edited with Dr W. H. Engelmann of Leipzig (Leiden, 1866; 2nd ed., 1868), and a similar list of Dutch words derived from the Arabic. Dozy also edited Al Makkari's Analectes sur l'histoire et la litterature des Arabes d'Espagne (Leiden, 1855–1861, 2 vols.), and, in conjunction with his friend and worthy successor, Professor De Goeje, at Leiden, Idrisi's Description de l'Afrique et de l'Espagne (1866), also the Calendrier de Cordoue de l'annee 961; texte arabe et ancienne traduction latine (Leiden, 1874). Het Islamisme (Islamism; Haarlem, 1863, 2nd ed., 188o; French translation) is a popular exposition of Mahommedanism, of a more controversial character; and De Israelieten to Mekka (" The Israelites at Mecca," Haarlem, 1864) became the subject of a rather heated discussion in Jewish circles. Dozy died at Leiden in May 1883. (H. Ti.)
End of Article: REINHART PIETER ANNE DOZY (182o-1883)
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