Online Encyclopedia

DRAUGHT (from the common Teutonic wor...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 547 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DRAUGHT (from the common Teutonic word " to draw "; cf. Ger. 7'racht, load; the pronunciation led to the variant form " draft," now confined to certain specific meanings), the act or action of drawing, extending, pulling, &c. It is thus applied to animals used for drawing vehicles or loads, " draught oxen," &c., to the quantity of fish taken by one " drag " of a net, to a quantity of liquid taken or " drawn in " to the mouth, and to a current of air in a chimney, a room or other confined space. In furnaces the " draught" is "natural " when not increased artificially, or " forced " when increased by mechanical methods (see BOILER). The water a ship " draws," or her " draught," is the depth to which she sinks in the water as measured from her keel. The word was formerly used of a " move" in chess or similar games, and is thus, in the plural, the general English name of the game known also as " checkers " (see DRAUGHTS). The spelling " draft " is generally employed in the following usages. It is a common term for a written order "drawn on " a banker or other holder of funds for the payment of money to .a third person; thus a cheque (q.v.) is a draft. A special form of draft is a " banker's draft," an instruction by one bank to another bank, or to a branch of the bank making the instruction, to pay a sum of money to the order of a certain specified person. Other meanings of " draft " are an outline, plan or sketch, or a preliminary drawing up of an instrument, measure, document, &c., which, after alteration and amendment, will be embodied in a final or formal shape; an allowance made by merchants or importers to those who sell by retail, to make up a loss incurred in weighing or measuring; and a detachment or body of troops " drawn off " for a specific purpose, usually a reinforcement from the depot or reserve units to those abroad or in the field. For the use of the term " draft " or " draught " in masonry and architecture see DRAFTED MASONRY.
End of Article: DRAUGHT (from the common Teutonic word " to draw "; cf. Ger. 7'racht, load; the pronunciation led to the variant form " draft," now confined to certain specific meanings)
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JOHN WILLIAM DRAPER (1811-1882)
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DRAUGHTS (from AS. dragan, to draw)

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