Online Encyclopedia

ANDRE HUBERT DUMONT (1809-1857)

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Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 665 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ANDRE HUBERT DUMONT (1809-1857)  , Belgian geologist, was born at Liege on the 15th of
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February 1809 . His first
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work was a masterly Memoire on the geology of the province of Liege published in 1832 . A few years later he became professor of
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mineralogy and geology and afterwards rector in the university of Liege . His attention was now given to the mineralogical and stratigraphical characters of the
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geological formations in Belgium —and the names given by him to many subdivisions of Cretaceous and
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Tertiary ages have been adopted . His Memoire sur
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les terrains ardennais et rhenan de l'Ardenne, du Brabant et du Condroz (1847-1848) is notable for the care with which the
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mineral characters of the strata were described, but the palaeontological characters were insufficiently considered, and neither the terms "
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Silurian " nor " Devonian " were adopted . During twenty years he laboured at the preparation of a geological map of Belgium (1849) . He spared no pains to make his work as
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complete as possible, examining on
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foot almost every
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area of importance in the country . Journeying to the more
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southern parts of
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Europe, he investigated the shores of the Bosphorus, the mountains of Spain and other tracts, and gradually gathered materials for a geological map of Europe: a work of high merit which was " one of the first serious attempts to establish on a larger scale the geological correlation of the various countries of Europe." The Geological Society of
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London awarded him in 184o the Wollaston medal . He died at Liege on the 28th of February 1857 . See Memoir by Major-General J . E . Portlock in Address to Geol .

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Soc . (London, 1858) . ' Not to be confounded with his contemporary
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Jean Joseph Dumons (1687-1779), sometimes called Dumont, best known for his designs for the Aubusson tapestries .

End of Article: ANDRE HUBERT DUMONT (1809-1857)
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