See also:commander, was
See also:born on the 1st of
See also:July 1731, at Lundie, in
See also:Forfarshire, Scotland . After receiving the rudiments of his
See also:education at Dundee, he was in 1746 placed under Captain
See also:Haldane, of the "
See also:Shoreham "
See also:frigate, and in 1749 he became a
See also:midshipman in the
See also:Centurion." In 1755 he was appointed second
See also:lieutenant of the " Norwich," but on the arrival of that
See also:ship in
See also:America, whither, with the
See also:rest of Keppel's
See also:squadron, it had convoyed General Braddock's forces, he was transferred to the " Centurion." Once again in England, he was promoted to be second lieutenant of the " Torbay," and after three years on the home station he assisted in the attack on the French settlement of
See also:Goree, on the
See also:coast, in which he was slightly wounded . He returned to England as first lieutenant of the "Torbay "; and in 1759 was made a commander, and in 1761 a
See also:post-captain . His vessel, the " Valiant " (74), was Commodore Keppel's
See also:flag-ship in the expedition against Belle-Ile en Mer in that
See also:year, and also in 1762, when it took an important
See also:part in the capture of
See also:Havana . In 1778, on the recommencement of war with France, Captain
See also:Duncan was appointed to the "
See also:Suffolk " (74), whence before the close of the year he removed to the "Monarch" (74), one of the Channel
See also:Fleet . On the 16th of
See also:January 178o, in an
See also:action off Cape St Vincent, between a
See also:Spanish squadron under Don Juan de Langara and the British fleet under
See also:George Rodney, Captain Duncan in the " Monarch " was the first to engage the enemy; and in 1782, as captain of the "
See also:Blenheim " (9o), he took part in
See also:relief of
See also:Gibraltar . From the
See also:rank of
See also:admiral of the blue, received in 1789, he was gradually promoted until, in 1799, he became admiral of the
See also:white . In
See also:February 1795 he hoisted his flag as commander-in-chief of the
See also:Sea fleet, appointed to harass the Batavian
See also:navy . Towards the end of May 1797, though, in consequence of the widespread
See also:mutiny in the British fleet, he had been
See also:left with only the " Adamant " (5o), besides his own ship the "
See also:Venerable " (74), Admiral Duncan proceeded to his usual station off the Texel, where
See also:lay at anchor the Dutch squadron of fifteen
See also:sail of the
See also:line, under the command of
See also:Vice-Admiral de Winter . From
See also:time to time he caused signals to be made, as if to the
See also:body of a fleet in the offing, a stratagem which probably was the cause of his freedom from molestation until, in the
See also:middle of
See also:June, reinforcements arrived from England . On the 3rd of
See also:October the admiral put into Yarmouth Roads to refit and
See also:victual his
See also:ships, but, receiving information early on the 9th that the enemy was at sea, he immediately hoisted the
See also:signal for giving him
See also:chase . On the
See also:morning of the 11th de Winter's fleet, consisting of 4 seventy-fours, 7 sixty-fours, 4 fifty-
See also:gun ships, 2
See also:forty-four-gun frigates, and 2 of
See also:thirty-two guns, besides smaller vessels, was sighted lying about 9 M. from
See also:shore, between the villages of Egmont and Camperdown .
The British fleet numbered 7 seventy-fours, 7 sixty-fours, 2 fifties, 2 frigates, with a
See also:sloop and several cutters, and was slightly
See also:superior in force to that of the Dutch . Shortly after
See also:day the British ships, without waiting to
See also:form in
See also:order, broke through the Dutch line, and an engagement commenced which, after heavy loss on both sides, resulted in the taking by the British of eleven of the enemy's vessels . When the action ceased the ships were in nine fathoms
See also:water, within 5 M. of a
See also:lee shore, and there was every sign of an approaching gale . So battered were the prizes that it was found impossible to
See also:fit them for future service, and one of them, the "
See also:Delft," sank on her way to England . In recognition of this victory, Admiral Duncan was, on the 21st of October, created
See also:Viscount Duncan of Camperdown and baron of Lundie, with an
See also:annual pension of £3000 to himself and the two next heirs to his title . The earldom of Camperdown was created for his son Robert (1785—1859) in 1831, and is still in the possession of his descendants . In 'Soo Lord Duncan withdrew from naval service . He died on the 4th of
See also:August 1804 . See Charnock, Biog .
See also:Nay . (1794–1796) ;
See also:Peerage of England, p . 378 (1812) ; W .
See also:James, Naval
See also:History of
See also:Great Britain (1822) ; Yonge, History of the British Navy, vol. i . (1863) ;
See also:Earl of
See also:Camper-down, Admiral Duncan (1898), vol. xvi. of the Navy Record
See also:Soc . Publications, contains the logs of the ships engaged in the
See also:battle of Camperdown .
PETER MARTIN DUNCAN (1824-1891)
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