DUNSTABLE , a municipal
See also:borough and market
See also:town in the
See also:parliamentary division of
See also:Bedfordshire, England, 37 m . N.W. of
See also:London, on branches of the
See also:Northern and London &
See also:railways . Pop . (Igor) 5157 . It lies at an
See also:elevation of about 500 ft. on the
See also:bleak northward slope of the Chiltern Hills . The
See also:church of St
See also:Peter and St Paul is a
See also:fine fragment of the church of the Augustinian priory founded by
See also:Henry I. in 1131 . The
See also:building was cruciform, but only the west front and
See also:part of the
See also:nave remain . The front has a large
See also:late Norman portal of four orders, with
See also:rich Early
See also:English arcading above; the nave
See also:arcade is ornate Norman . The
See also:triforium is transformed into a
See also:clerestory, the original clerestory being lost . The north-west tower has a Perpendicular upper portion, but the south-west tower is destroyed . The church contains various monuments of the 18th century .
See also:Foundations of a palace of Henry I. are traceable near the church .
See also:main part of the town extends for a mile along the broad straight
See also:Roman road, Watling Street; the high road from
See also:Luton to
See also:Tring, which crosses it in the centre of the town, representing the
See also:ancient Icknield Way . The chief
See also:industry is
See also:hat manufacture; there are also printing,
See also:stationery and
See also:works . The borough is under a mayor, 4 aldermen, and 12 councillors .
See also:Area, 453 acres . There may have been a Romano-
See also:village on this site on the Watling Street . Dunstable (Donestaple, Donestaple) first appears as a royal borough in the reign of Henry I., who, according to tradition, on account of the depredations of robbers, cleared the
See also:forest where Watling Street and the Icknield Way met, and encouraged his subjects to settle there by various grants of privileges . He endowed the priory by
See also:charter with the lordship of the
See also:manor and borough, which it retained till its dissolution in 1536-1537 . The Dunstable
See also:deal exhaustively with the
See also:history of the monastery and town in the 13th century . In 1219 the
See also:prior secured the right of holding a
See also:court there for all
See also:crown pleas and of sitting beside the justices itinerant, and this led to serious collision between the monks and burgesses . The
See also:body of
See also:Queen Eleanor rested here for a
See also:night on its
See also:journey to
See also:Westminster, and a
See also:cross, of which there is now no trace, was subsequently erected in the market-place . At Dunstable
See also:Cranmer held the court which, in 1533, declared Catherine of
See also:marriage invalid . At the dissolution a plan was set on
See also:foot for the creation of a new bishopric from the spoils of the religious houses, which was to include Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire with Dunstable as
See also:cathedral city .
See also:scheme was never realized, though plans for the cathedral were actually
See also:drawn up . From the earliest
See also:time Dunstable has been an agricultural town . The Annals abound with references to the prices and
See also:comparative abundance or scarcity of the two
See also:staple products, wool and corn . The straw hat manufacture has flourished since the 18th century . Henry I. granted a market held twice a week, and a three days'
See also:fair on the feast of St Peter ad Vincula .
See also:John made a further
See also:grant of a three days' fair from the loth of May . A market is still held weekly, also fairs in May and
See also:August correspond to these grants . Dunstable had also a gild
See also:merchant and was affiliated to London . In 1864 the town was made a municipal borough by royal charter .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.