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Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 687 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ANDRE MARIE JEAN JACQUES DUPIN (1783-1865), commonly called Dupin the Elder, French advocate, president of the chamber of deputies and of the Legislative Assembly, was born at Varzy, in Nievre, on the 1st of February 1783. He was educated by his father, who was a lawyer of eminence, and at an early age he became principal clerk of an attorney at Paris. On the establishment of the Academie de Legislation he entered it as pupil from Nievre. In 1800 he was made advocate, and in 1802, when the schools of law were opened, he received successively the degrees of licentiate and doctor from the new faculty. He was in 18io an unsuccessful candidate for the chair of law at Paris, and in 1811 he also failed to obtain the office of advocate-general at the court of cassation. About this time he was added to the commission charged with the classification of the laws of the empire, and, after the interruption caused by the events of 1814 and 1815, was charged with the sole care of that great work. When he entered the chamber of deputies in 1815 he at once took an active part in the debates as a member of the Liberal Opposition, and strenuously opposed the election of the son of Napoleon as emperor after his father's abdication. At the election after the second restoration Dupin was not re-elected. He defended with great intrepidity the principal political victims of the reaction, among others, in conjunction with Nicolas Berryer, Marshal Ney; and in October 1815 boldly published a tractate entitled Libre Defense des accuses. In 1827 he was again elected a member of the chamber of deputies and in 183o he voted the address of the 221, and on the 28th of February he was in the streets exhorting the citizens to resistance. At the end of 1832 he became president of the chamber, which office he held successively for eight years. On Louis Philippe's abdication in 1848 Dupin ir_trodued the young count of Paris into the chamber, and proposed him as king with the duchess of Orleans as regent. This attempt failed, but Dupin submitted to circumstances, and, retaining the office of procureurgeneral, his first act was to decide that justice should henceforth be rendered to the " name of the French people." In 1849 he was elected a member of the Assembly, and became president of the principal committee—that on legislation. After the coup d'etat of the 2nd of December 1851 he still retained his office of procureur-general, and did not resign it until effect was given to the decrees confiscating the property of the house of Orleans. In 1857 he was offered his old office by the emperor, and accepted it, explaining his acceptance in a discourse, a sentence of which may be employed to describe his whole political career. " I have always," he said, " belonged to France and never to parties." He died on the 8th of November 1865. Among Dupin's works, which are numerous, may be mentioned Principia Juris Civilis, 5 vols. (1806); Memoires et plaidoyers de r8o6 au ter janvier 183o, in 20 vols.; and Memoires ou souvenirs du barreau, in 4 vols. (1855–1857). His brother, FRANCOIS PIERRE CHARLES DUPIN (1784-1873), wrote several geometrical works, treating of descriptive geometry after the manner of Monge, and of the theory of curves. DU PIN, LOUIS ELLIES (1657-1719), French ecclesiastical historian, came of a noble family of Normandy, and was born at Paris on the 17th of June 1657. When ten years old he entered the college of Harcourt, where he graduated M.A. in 1672. He afterwards became a pupil of the Sorbonne, and received the degree of B.D. in 168o and that of D.D. in 1684. About this time he conceived the idea of his Bibliotheque universelle de toes les auteurs ecclesiastiques, the first volume of which appeared in 1686. The liberty with which he there treated the doctrines of the Fathers aroused ecclesiastical prejudice, and the archbishop of Paris condemned the work. Although Du Pin consented to a retractation, the book was suppressed in 1693; he was, however, allowed again to continue it on changing its title by substituting nouvelle for universelle. He was subsequently exiled to Chatellerault as a Jansenist, but the sentence of banishment was repealed on a new retractation. In 1718 he entered into a correspondence with William Wake, archbishop of Canterbury, with a view to a union of the English and Gallican churches; being suspected of projecting a change in the dogmas of the church, his papers were seized in February 1719, but nothing incriminating was found. The same zeal for union induced him, during the residence of Peter the Great in France, and at that monarch's request, to draw up a plan for uniting the Greek and Romanchurches. He died at Paris on the 6th of June 1719. Du Pin was a voluminous author. Besides his great work (Paris, 1686-1704, 58 vols. 8vo; Amsterdam, 19 vols. 4to; in the last of which he gives much autobiographical information), mention may be made of Biblioth?que universelle des historiens (2 vols., 1707); L'Histoire de l'eglise en abrege (1712); and L'Histoire profane depuis le commencement du monde jusqu'¢ present (4 vols., 1712).
End of Article: ANDRE MARIE JEAN JACQUES DUPIN (1783-1865)

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