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PIERRE DUPUY (1582-1651)

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Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 691 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PIERRE DUPUY (1582-1651), French scholar, otherwise known as PUTEANUS, was born at Agen (Lot-et-Garonne) on the 27th of November 1582. In 1615 he was commissioned by Mathieu Mole, first president of the parlement of Paris, to draw up an inventory of the documents which constituted what at that time was known as the Tresor des diaries. This work occupied eleven years. His MS. inventory is preserved in the original and in copy in the Bibliotheque Nationale, and transcriptions are in the national archives in Paris, at the record office in London, and elsewhere. Dupuy's classification is still regarded with respect, but the inventory has been partially replaced by the publication of the Layettes du tresor (four volumes, coming down to 1270; 1863-1902). Dupuy also published, with his brother Jacques, and their friend Nicolas Rigault, the History of Aug. de Thou (162o, 1626). The two brothers then bought from Rigault the post of keeper of the king's library, and drew up a catalogue of the library (Nos. 9352-9354 and Io366-10367 of the Latin collection in the Bibliotheque Nationale). In the course of this work, Dupuy became acquainted with and copied an enormous mass of unpublished documents, which furnished him with the material for some excellent works: Traite des droits et des libertes de l'eglise gallicane, avec les preuves (1639), Histoire de l'ordre militaire des Templiers (1654), Histoire generale du schisme qui a ete clans l'eglise depuis 1378 jusqu'd 1428 (1654), and Histoire du differend entre le page Boniface VIII et le roi Philippe le Bel (1655). These works, especially the last, are important contributions to the history of the relations of church and state in the middle ages. They were written from the Gallican standpoint, i.e. in favour of the rights of the crown in temporal and political matters, and this explains the delay in their publication until after Dupuy's death. He wrote also Traite des regences et des majorites des rois de France (1655) and Recueil des droits du roi (1658). Dupuy's papers, preserved in the Bibliotheque Nationale, were inventoried by Leon Dorez (Catalogue de la collection Dupuy, 1899). See also L. Delisle's Le Cabinet des la bibliotheque imperiale. Dupuy died in Paris on the 14th of December 1651.
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