DURHAM , acity and the
See also:county-seat of Durham county,
See also:North Carolina, U.S.A., in a township of the same name, 25 M . N.W. of Raleigh . Pop . (1900) 6679, of whom 2241 were negroes; (1910) 18,241; of the township (1900) 19,055; (1910) 27,606 . Adjacent to the city and also in the township are East Durham and West Durham (both unincorporated), which industrially are virtually
See also:part of the city . Durham is served by the
See also:Southern, the Seaboard Air
See also:Line, the Norfolk & Western, and the Durham & Southern
See also:railways, the last a
See also:short line connecting at
See also:Apex and Dunn, N . C., respectively with the
See also:main line of the Seaboard and the
See also:Coast Line railways . Durham is nearly surrounded by hills . Its streets are shaded by elms . The city-
See also:DURIAN is the seat of Trinity
See also:College (Methodist Episcopal, South), opened in 1851 as a normal college, growing out of an academy called Union Institute, which was established in the north-western part of
See also:Randolph county in 1838 and was incorporated in 1841 . In 1852 the college was empowered to
See also:grant degrees; in 1856 it became the
See also:property of the North Carolina
See also:Conference of the Methodist Episcopal
See also:Church, South; in 1859 it received its
See also:present name; and in 1892 it was removed to a
See also:park near Durham, included in 1901 in the corporate limits of the city . A new
See also:charter was adopted in 1903, and a
See also:law school was organized in 1904 .
The college has received many gifts from theDuke
See also:family of Durham . In 1908 its endowment and property were valued at about $1,198,400, and the number of its students was 288 . Although not officially connected with the college, the South Atlantic Quarterly, founded by a patriotic society of the college and published at Durham since 1902, is controlled and edited by members of the college
See also:faculty . The North Carolina Journal of
See also:Education and the Papers of the Trinity College
See also:Historical Society also are edited by members of the college faculty . The Trinity Park school is preparatory for the college . Near the city are
See also:Watts hospital (for whites) and Lincoln hospital (for negroes) . Durham's chief economic
See also:interest is in the manufacture of granulated smoking
See also:tobacco, for which it became noted after the
See also:Civil War . In the city are two large factories and
See also:store houses of the
See also:American Tobacco
See also:Company . The tobacco
See also:industry was founded by W . T .
See also:Blackwell (1839–1904) and
See also:Washington Duke (182o-1005) . The city also manufactures cigars, cigarettes,
See also:snuff, a fertilizer having tobacco dust as the
See also:cotton goods,
See also:lumber, window sashes, blinds, drugs and
See also:hosiery .
Durham has a large
See also:trade with the surrounding region . The
See also:town of Durham was incorporated in 1869, and became the county-seat of the newly-erected county in 1881, and in 1899 was chartered as a city . Its growth is due to the tobacco and cotton
See also:industries . In the
See also:house, at Durham Station, near the city, General J . E .
See also:Johnston surrendered on the 26th of
See also:April 1865 the Confederate army under his command to General W . T . Sherman .
1ST EARL OF JOHN GEORGE LAMBTON DURHAM (1792–1840...
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