Online Encyclopedia

EARLY KINGS OF

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 570 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EARLY KINGS OF NAVARRE The early history of Navarre has been overlaid with fable, and with pure falsification, largely the work of the Benedictines of San Juan de la Pena near Huesca. Their object was to prove the foundation of their house by a king of Navarre, Aragon and Sobrarbe, in the 9th century. They were helped by the patriotism of the Aragonese, who wished to give their kingdom an antiquity equal to that of Leon. Hence much pure invention, bolstered up by forgery of charters, falsification of genuine ones, and construction of imaginary pedigrees. Made himself independent king at Pamplona. He fought with the Carolingian counts of the marches, and in alliance with the Spanish Mahommedan Beni Casi of Saragossa. Very obscure. The most undoubted personality of the time is Tota (Theuda), widow of Sancho Abarca, who governed for her son and whose daughters were married to the kings of Leon and counts of Castile. Son of " The Trembler." He married a daughter of Sancho Garcia, count of Castile. On the murder of Garcia, the last count, he took Castile by right of his wife. He inherited, or acquired, superiority over the central Pyrenean regions of Aragon and Sobrarbe. He divided his various dominions—Navarre to Garcia, Castile to Fernando, Sobrarbe to Gonzalo, and Aragon to Ramiro Sanchez, a natural son. Killed in battle with his brother Fernando of Castile and Leon at Atapuerca. Son. Murdered by his natural brother Ramon at Penalen. The Navarrese then. chose Sancho Ramirez of Aragon as king. The kingdoms remained united till 1134. Historic kingdom of Aragon Natural son of Sancho el Mayor of Navarre, who on the death of his legitimate brother Gonzalo, annexed Sobrarbe. The kingdom of Sobrarbe lasted only during the life of Gonzalo. Son of Ramiro. Was killed while besieging Huesca. Son of Sancho. Second son of Sancho. He took Saragossa from the Moors, and was married to Urraca, queen of Castile and Leon. Third son of Sancho. A monk, who was exclaustrated alter the death of Alphonso, but re-turned to the cloister on the birth of his daughter Petronilla. Married to Ramon Berenguer, count of Barcelona, who be-came king by right of his wife.
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