See also:American lawyer, was
See also:born at Hardwick,
See also:Vermont, on the 27th of
See also:June 1823 . He graduated at the university of Vermont in 1848 and at the Harvard
See also:Law School in 185o, and in the latter
See also:year was admitted to the
See also:bar in New
See also:York city . There he became associated in practice with
See also:William Kent, the son of the
See also:great chancellor, an edition of whose Commentaries he assisted in editing .
See also:Eaton early became interested in municipal and
See also:civil service reform . He was conspicuous in the fight against
See also:Tweed and his followers, by one of whom he was assaulted; he required a long
See also:period of
See also:rest, and went to
See also:Europe, where he studied the workings of the civil service in various countries . From 1873 to 1875 he was a member of the first
See also:United States Civil Service Commission . In 1877, at the
See also:request of
See also:President Hayes, he made a careful study of the
See also:British civil service, and three years later published Civil Service in Great Britain . He drafted the Pendleton Civil Service
See also:Act of 1883, and later became a member of the new commission established by it . He resigned in 1885, but was almost immediately reappointed by President
See also:Cleveland; and served until 1886, editing the 3rd and 4th Reports of the commission . He was an organizer (1878) of the first society for the furtherance of civil service reform in New York, of the
See also:National Civil Service Reform Association, and of the National
See also:Conference of the Unitarian
See also:Church (1865) . He died in New York city on the 23rd of
See also:December 1899, leaving $roo,000 each to Harvard and
See also:universities for the establishments of professorships in
See also:government . He was a legal writer and editor, and a frequent contributor to the leading reviews .
In addition to the
See also:works mentioned he published Should
See also:Judges be Elected ? (1873), The
See also:Movement in New York (188o),
See also:Term and Tenure of
See also:Office (1882), The Spoils
See also:System and Civil Service Reform (1882), Problems of
See also:Police Legislation (1895) and The Government of Municipalities (1899) . See the privately printed memorial
See also:volume, Dorman B . Eaton, 1823—1899 (New York, 1900) .
EDWARD BACKHOUSE EASTWICK (1814–1883)
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