See also:American soldier, was
See also:born in
See also:Connecticut, on the 23rd of
See also:February 1764 . As a boy he served for a
See also:time in the
See also:Continental army . He was a school teacher for several years, graduated at Dartmouth
See also:College in 1790, was clerk of the
See also:house of the
See also:Vermont legislature in 1791-1792, and in 1792 re-entered the army as a captain, later serving against the
See also:Indians in
See also:Ohio and
See also:Georgia . In 1797 he was appointed
See also:consul to
See also:Tunis, where he arrived in February 1799 . In
See also:March 1799, with the consuls to
See also:Tripoli and Algiers, he negotiated alterations in the treaty of 1797 with Tunis . He rendered
See also:great service to Danish merchantmen by buying on
See also:credit several Danish prizes in Tunis and turning them over to their
See also:original owners for the redemption of his notes . In 1803 he quarrelled with the Bey, was ordered from the
See also:country, and returned to the
See also:United States to urge American intervention for the restoration of Ahmet Karamanli to the
See also:throne of Tripoli, arguing that this would impress the
See also:Barbary States with the power of the United States . In 1804 he returned to the Mediterranean as United States
See also:agent to the Barbary States with Barron's
See also:fleet . On the 23rd of February 18o5 he agreed with Ahmet that the United States should undertake to re-establish him in Tripoli, that the expenses of the expedition should be repaid to the United States by Ahmet, and that
See also:Eaton should be general and
See also:commander-in-chief of the
See also:land forces in Ahmet's
See also:campaign; as the secretary of the
See also:navy had given the entire
See also:matter into the hands of Commodore Barron, and as Barron and Tobias
See also:Lear (1762-1816), the United States consul-general at Algiers and a
See also:diplomatic agent to conduct negotiations, had been instructed to consider the advisability of making arrangements with the existing
See also:government in Tripoli, Eaton far exceeded his authority . On the 8th of March he started for
See also:Derna across the Libyan
See also:desert from the Arab's Tower, 40 M . W. of Alexandria, with a force of about 500 men, including a few Americans, about 40 Greeks and some Arab
See also:cavalry . In the march of nearly 600 m. the camel-drivers and the Arab chiefs repeatedly mutinied, and Ahmet
See also:Pasha once put himself at the
See also:head of the
See also:Arabs and ordered them to attack Eaton .
Ahmet more than once wished to give up the expedition . There were practically no provisions for the latter
See also:part of the march . On the 27th of
See also:April with the assistance of three bombarding cruisers Eaton captured Derna—an exploit commemorated by
See also:Whittier's poem Derne . On the 13th of May and on the loth of
See also:June he successfully withstood the attacks of Tripolitan forces sent to dislodge him . On the 12th of June he abandoned the
See also:town upon orders from Commodore
See also:Rodgers, for Lear had made peace (4th June) with Yussuf, the de facto Pasha of Tripoli . Eaton returned to the United States, and received a
See also:grant of 1o,000 acres in Maine from the Massachusetts legislature . According to a deposition which he made in
See also:January 1807 he was approached by
See also:Burr (q.v.), who attempted to enlist him in his "
See also:conspiracy," and wished him to win over the marine
See also:corps and to sound Preble and Decatur . As he received from the government, soon after making this deposition, about $ro,000 to liquidate claims for his expense in Tripoli, which he had long pressed in vain, his
See also:good faith has been doubted . At Burr's trial at
See also:Richmond in 18o7 Eaton was one of the witnesses, but his testimony was unimportant . In May 18o7 he was elected a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and served for one
See also:term . He died on the 1st of June 181 in Brimfield, Massachusetts . See the anonymously published
See also:Life of the
See also:Late Gen .
See also:William Eaton (Brookfield, Massachusetts, 1813) by
See also:Charles Prentiss; C . C . Felton, " Life of William Eaton " in
See also:Sparks's Library of American Biography, vol. ix . (Boston, 1838) ; and Gardner W .
See also:Allen's Our Navy and the Barbary Corsairs (Boston, 1905) .
THEOPHILUS EATON (c. 15go-1658)
WYATT EATON (1849-1896)
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