See also:wood of various
See also:species of trees of the genus Diospyros (natural
See also:order Ebenaceae), widely distributed in the tropical parts of the
See also:world . The best kinds are very heavy, are of a deep black, and consist of heart-wood only . On account of its
See also:colour, durability, hardness and susceptibility of
See also:ebony is much used for
See also:work and
See also:inlaying, and for the manufacture of pianoforte-keys,
See also:knife-handles and turned articles . The best
See also:Indian and
See also:Ceylon ebony is furnished by D . Ebenum, a native of
See also:southern India and Ceylon, which grows in
See also:great abundance throughout the
See also:country west of
See also:Trincomalee . The
See also:tree is distinguished from others by the inferior width of its trunk, and its
See also:jet-black, charred-looking'bark, beneath which the wood is perfectly
See also:white tintil the heart is reached . The wood is stated to excel that obtained from D. reticulata of the
See also:Mauritius and all other varieties of ebony in the fineness and intensity of its dark colour . Although the centre of the tree alone is employed, reduced logs r to 3 ft. in diameter can readily be procured . Much of the East Indian ebony is yielded by the species D . Melanoxylon (Coromandel ebony), a large tree attaining a height of 6o to 8o ft., and 8 to to ft. in circumference, with irregular rigid branches, and oblong or oblong-lanceolate leaves . The bark of the tree is astringent, and mixed with pepper is used in dysentery by the datives of India . The wood of D. tomentosa, a native of
See also:north Bengal, is black, hard and of great
See also:weight .
See also:montana, another Indian species, produces a yellowish-
See also:grey soft but durable wood . D. quaesita is the tree from which is obtained the wood known in Ceylon by the name Calamander, derived by Pridham from the Sinhalee kalumindrie, black-flowing . Its closeness of
See also:grain, great hardness and
See also:brown colour, mottled and striped with black, render it a valuable material for veneering and furniture making . D . Dendo, a native of
See also:Angola, is a valuable
See also:timber tree, 25 to 35 ft. high, with a trunk 1 to 2 ft. in diameter . The heart-wood is very black and hard and is known as black ebony, also as
See also:billet-wood, and
See also:Calabar or Niger ebony . What is termed
See also:Jamaica or West Indian ebony, and also the
See also:green ebony of commerce, are produced by Brya Ebenus, a leguminous tree or
See also:shrub, having a trunk rarely more than 4 in. in diameter, flexible spiny branches, and orange-yellow, sweet-scented
See also:flowers . The heart-wood is
See also:rich dark brown in colour, heavier than
See also:water, exceedingly hard and capable of receiving a high polish . From the'
See also:book of Ezekiel (
See also:xxvii . 15) we learn that ebony was among the articles of merchandise brought to Tyre; and
See also:Herodotus states (iii . 97) that the Ethiopians every three years sent a tribute of 200 logs of it to
See also:Persia . Ebony was known to Virgil as a product of India (Georg. ii .
116), and was displayed by
See also:Pompey the Great in his Mithradatic
See also:triumph at Rome . By the ancients it was esteemed of equal value for durability with the
See also:cypress and
See also:cedar (see Pliny, Nat . Hist. xii . 9, xvi . 79) . According to
See also:Solinus (Polyhisior, cap. lv. p: 353,
See also:Paris, 1621), it was employed by the
See also:kings of India for sceptres and images, also, on account of its supposed antagonism to
See also:poison, for drinking-cups . The hardness and black colour of the wood appear to have given rise to the tradition related by
See also:Pausanias, and alluded to by
See also:Southey in Thalaba, i . 22, that the ebony tree produced neither leaves nor fruit, and was never seen exposed to the
See also:sun .
EBOLI (anc. Eburum)
JOHANNES HEINRICH AUGUST EBRARD (1818-1888)
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