Online Encyclopedia

EDGECUMBE, or EDGECOMBE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V08, Page 934 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EDGECUMBE, or EDGECOMBE  , the name of a celebrated west of England
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family, taken from the
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manor of Edgecumbe in
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Cornwall . One of its earlier members was
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Sir Richard Edgecumbe (d . 1489), who was descended from a Richard Edgecumbe who flourished during the reign of
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Edward I . Richard was a member of parliament in 1467; afterwards he joined Henry,
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earl of Richmond, in
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Brittany, returned with the earl to England, and fought at Bosworth, where he was knighted . He received rich rewards from Henry, now King Henry VII., who also sent him on errands to Scotland, to Ireland and to Brittany, and he died at
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Morlaix on the 8th of September 1489 . His son and successor, Sir Piers Edgecumbe, went to France with Henry VIII. in 1513, and when he died on the 14th of August 1539 he
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left with other issue a son, Sir Richard Edgecumbe (1499-1562), a cultured and hospitable man, who is celebrated through Richard Carew's Friendly Remembrance of Sir Richard Edgecumbe . Sir Richard's eldest son, Piers or Peter Edgecumbe (1536-1607), was a member of parliament under Elizabeth for about
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thirty years . Another famous member of this family was Richard, 1st baron Edgecumbe (168o-1758), a son of Sir Richard Edgecumbe . Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, he was successively member of parliament for St Germans, Plympton and
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Lostwithiel from 1701 to 1742; on two occasions he served as a lord of the
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treasury; and from 1724 to 1742 he was paymaster-general for Ireland, becoming chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster in 1743 . Edgecumbe was a faithful follower of Sir Robert Walpole, in whose interests he managed the elections for the Cornish boroughs, and his
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elevation to the peerage, which took place in 1742, was designed to prevent him from giving evidence about Walpole's
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expenditure of the secret service
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money . He died on the 22nd of November 1758 . His son and successor, Richard, the 2nd baron (1716-1761), was
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comptroller of the royal house-hold, a member of parliament, and a major-general in the army .

A wit, a writer of

verse, a gambler and an intimate friend of Horace Walpole, " Dick Edgecumbe " died unmarried on the loth of May 1761 . Edgecumbe's
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brother, George, 1st earl of Mount Edgecumbe (1721-1795), was a
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naval officer who saw a
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great
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deal of service during the Seven Years' War . Succeeding to the
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barony on the 1st baron's
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death in 1761 he became an
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admiral and treasurer of the royal household; he was created Viscount Mount-Edgecumbe in 1781 and earl of Mount-Edgecumbe in 1789 . He died on the 4th of
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February 1795, his only son being his successor, Richard, the 2nd earl (1764-1839), the ancestor of the
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present earl and the. author of Musical Reminiscences of an Old Amateur . He died on the 26th of September 1839 . His son, Ernest Augustus, the 3rd earl (1797-1861), wrote Extracts from
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Journals kept during the Revolutions at Rome and Palermo .

End of Article: EDGECUMBE, or EDGECOMBE
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