Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 339 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EDITIONS AND LITERATURE.—Socrates' History has been edited by Stephanus'(Paris, 1544; Geneva, 1612), Valesius (Paris, 1659 sqq.), Reading (Cambridge, 1720), Hussey (Oxford, 1853, reissued by Bright, 1878). It is also to be found in volume lxvii. of Migne's Patrologia, and there is an Oxford school edition (1844) after Reading. The latest English translation, revised by Zenos, is published in the Nicene and post Nicene Fathers, 2nd series, vol. ii. There are Testimonia veterum in Valesius and more fully in Hussey; and Nolte's paper in Tubing. Quartalschr. (1859, p. 518 se q.), contains emendations in Hussey's text, and notes towards the history of the text and editions; see also Overbeck, in Theol. lit. Ztung. (1879), no. 20. Special studies have been made by_ Baronius, Miraeus, Labbe,Valesius, Halloix, Scaliger, Ceillier, Cave, Dupin, Pagi, Ittig, Tille mont, Walch, Gibbon, Schroeckh, Lardner.- See also Voss, De histor. graecis; Fabricius-Harless, Biblioth. gr., vol. vii.; Rossler, Bibliothek d. Kirchenvater; Holzhausen, De fontibus quibus Seer., Soz., ac Theod. in scribenda historia sacra usi Bunt (Gottingen, 1825) ; Staudlin, Gesch. u. Lit. d. K.-G. (Hanover, 1827); Baur, Epochen (1852); Harnack, " Socrates u. Sozomen" in Herzog-Hauck's Realencykl., 2nd ed.; Loeschke, " Sokrates," ibid., 3rd. ed. Detached details are given also in works upon Constantine (Manso), Julian (Macke, Rode, Neumann, Rendall), Damasus (Rade), Arianism (Gwatkin's Studies of Arianism, which gives a severe but trust-worthy criticism of Rufinus and discusses the manner in which Socrates was related to him), the emperors after Julian (De Broglie, Richter, Clinton, the Weltgeschichte of Ranke, the Gesch. d. ostromischen Reiches unter den Kaisern Arcadius u. Theod. II. (1885) of Gtildenpenning, and the Kaiser Theodosius d. Gr., Halle (1878) of Giildenpenning and Iffland, the last-named work discussing the relation of Socrates to Sozomen), the barbarian migrations (Wietersheim, Dahn), the Goths (Waitz, Bessel, Kauffmann and Scott's Ulfilas, 1885). Lastly, reference may be made to Sarrazin, De Theodore Lectore, Theophanis fonte praecipuo (1881, treats of the relation between Socrates and Sozomen, and of the completeness of the former's work); Jeep, Quellenuntersuch. z. d. griech. Kirchenhistorikern (1884) ; Geppert, Die Quelleri des Kirchenhistorikers Socrates Scholasticus (1898). (A. HA.; A. C. McG.)

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