AEDUINI EDWIN Or EDWINE (585-633),
See also:king of Northumbria, was the son of Ella of
See also:Deira . On the seizure of Deira by 'Ethel-frith of
See also:Bernicia (probably 6o5), Edwin was expelled and is said to have taken
See also:refuge with Cadfan, king of Gwynedd . After the
See also:battle of Chester, in which
See also:IEthelfrith defeated the Welsh, Edwin fled to Rcedwald, the powerful king of East Anglia, who after some wavering espoused his cause and defeated and slew IEthelfrith at the
See also:river Idle in 617 . Edwin thereupon succeeded to the Northumbrian
See also:driving out the sons of IEthelfrith . There is little evidence of
See also:external activity on the
See also:part of Edwin before 625 . It is probable that the
See also:conquest of the
See also:kingdom of Elmet, a
See also:district in the neighbourhood of the
See also:modern Leeds, ruled over by a king named
See also:Cerdic (Ceredig) is to be referred to this
See also:period, and this may have led to the later
See also:quarrel with Cadwallon, king of Gwynedd . Edwin seems also to have annexed
See also:Lindsey to his kingdom by 625 . In this
See also:year he entered upon negotiations with
See also:Eadbald of Kent for a
See also:marriage with his
See also:sister 'Ethelberg . It was made a
See also:condition that
See also:Christianity should be tolerated in Northumbria, and accordingly Paulinus was consecrated
See also:bishop by Justus in 625, and was sent to Northumbria with 'Ethelberg . According to Bede, Edwin was favourably disposed towards Christianity owing to a vision he had seen at the
See also:court of Rcedwald, and in 626 he allowed Eanfled, his daughter by IEthelberg, to be baptized . On the
See also:day of the
See also:birth of his daughter, the king's
See also:life had been attempted by Eomer, an emissary of Cwichelm, king of Wessex . Preserved by the devotion of his
See also:thegn Lilla,Edwin vowed to become a Christian if victorious over his treacherous enemy .
He was successful in the ensuing
See also:campaign, and abstained from the worship of the gods of his
See also:race . A
See also:letter of
See also:Pope Boniface helped to decide him, and after consulting his friends and counsellors, of whom the
See also:priest Coifi afterwards took a prominent part in destroying the
See also:temple at Goodmanham, he was baptized with his
See also:people and nobles at
See also:York, at
See also:Easter 627 . In this
See also:town he granted Paulinus a see, built a wooden
See also:church and began one of
See also:stone . Besides York, Yeavering and Maelmin in Bernicia, and Catterick in Deira, were the chief scenes of the
See also:work of Paulinus . It was the influence of Edwin which led to the conversion of Eorpwald of East Anglia . Bede notices the peaceful state of Britain at this
See also:time, and relates that Edwin was preceded on his progresses by a kind of standard like that
See also:borne before the
See also:Roman emperors . In 633 Cadwallon of
See also:Wales and
See also:Penda of
See also:rose against Edwin and slew him at
See also:Hatfield near
See also:Doncaster . His kinsman Osric succeeded in Deira, and Eanfrith the son of IEthelfrith in Bernicia . Bede tells us that Edwin had subdued the islands of Anglesey and Man, and the Annales Cambriae record that he besieged Cadwallon (perhaps in 632) in the
See also:island of Glannauc (
See also:Puffin Island) . He was definitely recognized as overlord by all the other Anglo-Saxon
See also:kings of his day except Eadbald of Kent . See Bede, Hist . Eccl .
(ed . Plummer,
See also:Oxford, 1896), ii . 5, 9, II, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 20;
See also:Nennius (ed .
See also:San Marte, 1844), § 63; Vita S . Oswaldi, ix . Simeon of Durham (ed .
See also:London, 1882-1885, vol. i . R.S.) . (F . G . M .
JOHN EDWIN (1749–1790)
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