EGERIA , an
See also:Italian goddess of springs . Two distinct localities were regarded as sacred to her,—the
See also:grove of
See also:Diana Nemorensis at
See also:Aricia, and a
See also:spring in the immediate neighbour-
See also:hood of Rome at the Porta
See also:Capena . She derives her chief importance from her legendary connexion with
See also:King Numa, who had frequent interviews with her and consulted her in regard to his religious legislation (
See also:Livy i . 19; Juvenal iii . 12) . These meetings took place on the spot where the sacred
See also:shield had fallen from
See also:heaven, and here Numa dedicated a grove to-the Camenae, like Egeria deities of springs . After the
See also:death of Numa, Egeria was said to have fled into the grove of Aricia, where she was changed into a spring for having interrupted the
See also:rites of Diana by her lamentations (Ovid, Metam. xv . 479) . At Aricia there was also a Manius Egerius, a male counterpart of Egeria . Her connexion with Diana Nemorensis, herself a
See also:birth goddess, is confirmed by the fact that her aid was invoked by pregnant
See also:women . She also possessed the
See also:gift of prophecy; and the statement (
See also:Dion . Halic. ii .
6o) that she was one of theMuses is due to her connexion with the Camenae, whose worship was displaced by them .
AQIBA EGER (1761–1837)
SIR PHILIP DE MALPAS GREY EGERTON
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