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KARL EDUARD VON EICHWALD (1795-1876)

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Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 132 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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KARL EDUARD VON EICHWALD (1795-1876), Russian geologist and physician, was born at Mitau in Courland on the 4th of July 1795. He became doctor of medicine and professor of zoology in Kazan in 1823; four years later professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Vilna; in 1838 professor of zoology, mineralogy and medicine at St Petersburg; and finally professor of palaeontology in the institute of mines in that city. He travelled much in the Russian empire, and was a keen observer of its natural history and geology. He died at St Petersburg on the loth of November 1876. His published works include Raise auf dem Caspischen Meere and in den Caucasus, 2 vols. (Stuttgart and Tubingen, 1834-1838) ; Die Urwelt Russ-lands (St Petersburg, 1840-1845); Lethaea Rossica, ou paleontologic de la Russie, 3 vols. (Stuttgart, 1852-1868), with Atlases.
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