Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 140 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ELABUGA, a town of Russia, in the government of Vyatka, on the Kama river, 201 M. by steamboat down the Volga from Kazan and then up the Kama. It has flour-mills, and carries on a brisk trade in exporting corn. Pop. (1897) 9776. The famous Ananiynskiy Mogilnik (burial-place) is on the right bank of the Kama, 3 M. above the town. It was discovered in 1858, was excavated by Alabin, Lerch and Nevostruyev, and has since supplied extremely valuable collections belonging to the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages. It consisted of a mound, about 500 it. in circumference, adorned with decorated stones (which have disappeared), and contained an inner wall, 65 ft. in circumference, made of uncemented stone flags. Nearly fifty skeletons were discovered, mostly lying upon charred logs, surrounded with cinerary urns filled with partially burned bones. A great variety of bronze decorations and glazed clay pearls were strewn round the skeletons. The knives, daggers and arrowpoints are of slate, bronze and iron, the last two being very rough imitations of stone implements. One of the flags bore the image of a man, without moustaches or beard, dressed in a costume and helmet recalling those of the Circassians.
End of Article: ELABUGA
EKRON (better, as in the Septuagint and Josephus, A...

Additional information and Comments

During and after 2nd world war , at Elabuga were several P.O.W. camps for officers of Germany and its Allies captured by Soviet Red Army . Some of these offiers published books about their experiences in Elabuga and Tatarstan after returning home , for example the well-known author Otfried Preussler, Klaus Sasse ( photographer of the famous ( secretly taken ) pictures of Elabuga camps ) , Wigand Wuester , Pietro Alagiani , Adelbert Holl , Assi Hahn . Elabuga in 2005 had about 70.000 inhabitants . The famous Russian artist Ivan Shishkin was born here, and writer Marina Tsvetaeva put an end to her life 1941 .
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