See also:common in many parts of .Britain, and ranges throughout central and
See also:Europe, and in
See also:Asia as far eastwards as the Himalayas . It is a rather rigid
See also:herb, the
See also:stem of which attains a height of from 3 to 5 ft.; the leaves are large and toothed, the
See also:lower ones stalked, the
See also:rest embracing the stem; the
See also:flowers are yellow, 2 in. broad, and have many rays, each three-notched at the extremity . The
See also:root is thick, branching and mucilaginous, and has a warm, bitter taste and a camphoraceous odour . For medicinal purposes it should be procured from
See also:plants not more than two or three years old . Besides
See also:inulin, C12H26O10, a
See also:body isomeric with
See also:starch, the root contains helenin, C6H8O, a stearoptene, which may be prepared in
See also:white acicular crystals, insoluble in
See also:water, but freely soluble in
See also:alcohol . When freed from the accompanying inula-camphor by repeated
See also:crystallization from alcohol, helenin melts at to° C . By the ancients the root was employed both as a
See also:medicine and as a condiment, and in England it was formerly in
See also:great repute as an aromatic tonic and stimulant of the secretory
See also:organs . " The fresh roots of
See also:elecampane preserved with
See also:sugar, or made into a
See also:syrup or conserve," are recommended by
See also:Parkinson in his Theatrum Botanicum as " very effectual to warm a
See also:cold and windy stomack, and the pricking and stitches therein or in the sides caused by the Spleene, and to helpe the cough, shortnesse of breath, and wheesing in the Lungs." As a
See also:drug, however, the root is now seldom resorted to except in veterinary practice, though it is undoubtedly possessed of antiseptic properties . In France and
See also:Switzerland it is used in the manufacture of
See also:absinthe .
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