ELIZABETH , acity and the
See also:county-seat of Union county, New Jersey, U.S.A., on Elizabeth
See also:river, Newark
See also:Bay, and Arthur Kill, to m . S.W. of Jersey City . Pop . (189o) 37,764; (1900) 52,130, of whom 14,770 were
See also:born and 1139 were negroes; (1910
See also:census) 73,409 . It Ti served by the Pennsylvania, the Lehigh Valley and the Central of New Jersey
See also:railways . The site is level and the streets are broad and shaded . There are many residences of New
See also:York business men, and several historic buildings, including Liberty
See also:Hall, the
See also:mansion of
See also:William Livingston, first
See also:governor of the state;
See also:Boxwood Hall (now used as a home for aged
See also:women), the former home of
See also:Boudinot; the old
See also:brick mansion of Jonathan
See also:Belcher (1681-1757), governor of the province from 1747 to 1757; the First Presbyterian
See also:Church; and the
See also:house occupied at different times by General
See also:Scott . The city has several parks, the Union county
See also:court house (1905), a public library and several charitable institutions . Elizabethport, that
See also:part of the city on Staten
See also:Island Sound, about 2 M . S.E. of the centre of Elizabeth, has a
See also:port open to vessels of 300 tons; it is an outlet of the Pennsylvania
See also:fields and is thus one of the most important coal
See also:shipping depots in the
See also:United States . Here, too, are a plant (covering more than Boo acres) of the Standard Oil
See also:Company and a large
See also:establishment for the manufacture of the "
See also:Singer " sewing machine—according to the U.S. census the largest manufactory of sewing
See also:machines in the world—employing more than 6000 workmen in 1905; among the other manufactures of Elizabeth are foundry and machine
See also:shop products (value in 1905, $3,887,139),
See also:wire, oil (value in 1go5, $2,387,656), refined and smelted copper, the output of railway repair shops, edge tools and lager
See also:beer . The value of the manu- factured products was $10,489,364 in 189o; $22,861,375 (factory product) in 1900; and $29,300,801 (factory product) in 1905 .
' Elizabeth was settled in 1665 by a company fromLong Island for whom the
See also:land had been
See also:purchased from the
See also:Indians and a
See also:grant had been obtained from
See also:Nicolls as
See also:agent for the duke of York . But about the same
See also:time the duke conveyed the entire province to
See also:Berkeley, and
See also:Carteret, and these two conflicting grants gave rise to a long-continued controversy (see NEw JERSEY) . The
See also:town was named in
See also:honour of Elizabeth, wife of Sir George Carteret, and was first known as Elizabethtown . From 1665 to 1686 it was the seat of
See also:government of the province, and the legislature sat here occasionally until 1790 . In the home of the Rev . Jonathan Dickinson (1688-1747), its first
See also:president, the first sessions of the
See also:College of New Jersey (now
See also:Princeton University) were held in 1747, but immediately afterwards the college removed to Newark . In
See also:December 1776 and twice in
See also:June 178o the
See also:British entered Elizabeth and made it a
See also:base of operations, but on each occasion they were soon driven out . Elizabeth became a "
See also:free town and
See also:borough " in 1739; the borough
See also:charter was confirmed by the legislature in 1789 and repealed in 1790, and Elizabeth was chartered as a city in 1855 . See E . F .
See also:History of Elizabeth, New Jersey (New York, 1868) .
ELIXIR (from the Arabic al-iksir, probably an adapt...
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