Online Encyclopedia

EPERNON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 669 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EPERNON  , a

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town of
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northern France in the department of
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Eure-et-Loir, at the confluence of the Drouette and the Guesle, 17 M . N.E. of
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Chartres by
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rail . Pop . (1906) 2370 . It belonged originally to the
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counts of Montfort, who, in the 11th century, built a castle here of which the ruins are still
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left, and granted a charter to the town . In the 13th century it became an
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independent lordship, which remained attached to the
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crown of Navarre till, in the 16th century, it was sold by King Henry (afterwards King Henry IV. of France) to
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Jean Louis de Nogaret, for whom it was raised to the rank of a duchy in 1581 . The new duke of Epernon was one of the favourites of Henry III., who were called
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les
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Mignons; the king showered favours upon him, giving him the posts of colonel-general in the
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infantry and of
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admiral of France . Under the reign of Henry IV. he made himself practically independent in his government of Provence . ?3e was instrumental in giving the regency to
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Marie de' Medici in 161o, and as a result exercised a considerable influence upon the government . During his governorship of
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Guienne in 1622 he had some scandalous scenes with the parlement and the arch-bishop of
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Bordeaux . He died in 1642 . His eldest son,
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Henri de Nogaret de la Valette, duke of Candale, served under Richelieu, in the armies of Guienne, of Picardy and of Italy .

The second son of Jean Louis de Nogaret,

Bernard, who was born in 1592, and died in 1661, was, like his
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father, duke of Epernon, colonel-general in the infantry and governor of Guienne . After his
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death, the title of duke of Epernon was borne by the families of Goth and of
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Pardaillan .

End of Article: EPERNON
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EPHEBEUM (from Gr. Eon f3os, a young man)

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