Online Encyclopedia

EPONYMOUS

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 708 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EPONYMOUS, that which gives a name to anything (Gr. irmvvuos, from ovo sa, a name), a term especially applied to the mythical or semi-mythical personages, heroes, deities, &c. from whom a country or city took its name. Thus Pelops is the giver of the name to the Peloponnese. At Athens the chief archon of the year was known as the apXwv eirwvvyos, as the year was known by his name. There was a similar official in ancient Assyria. In ancient times, as in historical and modern cases, a country or a city has been named after a real personage, but in many cases the person has been invented to account for the name.
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