Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 733 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ERBACH, a town of Germany, in the grand-duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, on the Mumling, 22 M. S.E. of Darmstadt. It has cloth mills and ivory-turning, for which last branch it possesses a technical school. Wool and cattle fairs are held twice a year. Pop. 2800. The castle contains an interesting collection of weapons and pictures, and in the chapel are the coffins of Einhard, the friend and biographer of Charlemagne, and his wife, Emma. Erbach has long been the residence of the counts of Erbach, who trace their descent back to the 12th century, and who held the office of cupbearer to the electors palatine of the Rhine until 18o6. In 1532 the emperor Charles V. made the county a direct fief of the Empire, on account of the services rendered by Count Eberhard during the Peasants' War. Since 1717 the family has been divided into the three lines of Erbach-Ftirstenau, Erbach-Erbach and Erbach-Schonberg, who rank for precedence, not according to the age of their descent, but according to the age of the chief of their line. In 1818 the counts of Erbach-Erbach inherited the county of Wartenberg-Roth, and in 1903 the count of Erbach-Schonberg was granted the title of prince. The county was mediatized in 18o6, and is now incorporated with the duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. See Simon, Die Geschichte der Dynasten and Grafen zu Erbach (Frankfort, 1858).
End of Article: ERBACH
ERBIUM (symbol, Er; atomic weight, 165-166)

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