ERLANGEN , a
See also:town of Germany, in the
See also:kingdom of
See also:Bavaria, on a fertile plain, at the confluence of the
See also:Schwabach and the
See also:Regnitz, r r m . N.W. of
See also:Nuremberg, on the railway from
See also:Munich to
See also:Bamberg . Pop . (1905) 23,720 . It is divided into an old and a new town, the latter consisting of wide, straight and well-built streets . The market place is a
See also:fine square . Upon it stand the town-
See also:hall and the former palace of the margraves of
See also:Bayreuth,, now the
See also:building of the university . The latter was founded by the
See also:Frederick (d . 1763), who, in 1742, established a university at Bayreuth, but in 1743 removed it to Erlangen . A statue of the founder, erected in 1843 by
See also:Louis I. of Bavaria, stands in the centre of the square and faces the university buildings . The university has faculties of philosophy,
See also:medicine and
See also:theology . Connected with it are a library of over 200,000 volumes,
See also:geological, anatomical and mineralogical institutions, a hospital, several clinical establishments, laboratories and a botanical
See also:garden .
Among the churches of the town (six Protestant and one
See also:Roman Catholic), only the new town
See also:church, with a
See also:spire 220 ft. high, is remarkable . The chief
See also:industries of Erlangen are
See also:spinning and
See also:weaving, and the manufacture of
See also:glass, paper, brushes and gloves . The
See also:industry is also important, the
See also:beer of Erlangen being famous throughout Germany and large quantities being exported . Erlangen owes the foundation of its prosperity chiefly to the French Protestant refugees who settled here on the revocation of the edict of Nantes and introduced various manufactures . In Io17 the place was transferred from'the bishopric of
See also:Wurzburg to that of Bamberg; in 1361 it was sold to the king of Bohemia . It became a town in 1398 and passed into the hands of the Hohenzollerns, burgraves of Nuremberg, in 1416 . There for nearly three centuries it was the
See also:property of the margraves of Bayreuth, being ceded with the
See also:rest of Bayreuth to Prussia in 1791 . In 1810 it came into the possession of Bavaria . Erlangen was for many years the residence of the poet
See also:Friedrich Ruckert, and of the philosophers Johann Gottlieb
See also:Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm von Schnelling . See Stein and
See also:Miller, Die Geschichte von Erlangen (1898) .
ERIVAN, or I1
SIR WILLIAM ERLE (1793-1880)
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