Online Encyclopedia

ERMELAND, or ERMLAND (Varmia)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 750 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ERMELAND, or ERMLAND (Varmia)  , a
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district of Germany, in East Prussia, extending from the Frisches Haff, a
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bay in the Baltic, inland towards the
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Polish frontier . It is a well-wooded sandy tract of country, has an
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area of about 165o sq. m., a population of 240,000, and is divided into the districts of
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Braunsberg,
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Heilsberg, Rossel and
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Allenstein . Ermeland was originally one of the eleven districts of old Prussia and was occupied by the Teutonic Knights (Deutsche) . Orden), being made in 1250 one of the four bishoprics of ti c country under their sway . The bishop of Ermeland shortly afterwards declared himself
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independent of the order, and became a prince of the
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Empire . In 1466 Ermeland, together with West Prussia, was by the peace of Thorn attached to the
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crown of Poland, and the bishop had a seat in the Polish senate . In 1772 it was again incorporated with Prussia . Among the bishops of the see, which still exists, with its seat in Frauenberg, may be mentioned
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Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini, afterwards Pope
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Pius II., and Cardinal
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Stanislaus Hosius (1504–1579), the founder of the Jesuit college in Braunsberg . See Hipler, Literaturgeschichte
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des Bisthums Ermeland (Braunsberg, 1873) ; the Monumenta historiae Warmiensis (Mainz, 186o-1864, and Braunsberg, 1866-1872, 4 vols.) ; and
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Buchholz, Abriss einer Geschichte des Ermlands (Braunsberg, 1903.) ' Emerka and Fridla (
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Beowulf, Quedlingburg Chron.), Aki and Etgard (Vilkina Saga) . In the
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original myth the Harlungs, who are not to be confused with the Hartung brothers, were sent to bring home Surya, the bride of the sky-
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god . Irmintiu .

End of Article: ERMELAND, or ERMLAND (Varmia)
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