See also:English lawyer and
See also:master of the rolls, was a son of the Rev .
See also:Joseph G . Brett, of
See also:Chelsea, and was
See also:born on the 13th of
See also:August 1817 . He was educated at
See also:Westminster and at Caius
See also:College, Cambridge . Called to the
See also:bar in 1840, he went the
See also:northern circuit, and became a Q.C. in 1861 . On the
See also:death of
See also:Cobden he unsuccessfully contested
See also:Rochdale as a Conservative, but in 1866 was returned for
See also:Helston in unique circumstances . He and his opponent polled exactly the same number of votes, whereupon the mayor, as returning officer, gave his casting
See also:vote for the Liberal
See also:candidate . As this votewas given after four o'
See also:clock, however, an
See also:appeal was lodged, and the
See also:House of
See also:Commons allowed both members to take their seats . Brett rapidly made his mark in the House, and in 1868 he was appointed
See also:solicitor-general . On behalf of the
See also:crown he prosecuted the
See also:Fenians charged with having caused the
See also:explosion . In parliament he took a leading
See also:part in the promotion of bills connected with the administration of
See also:law and
See also:justice . He was (August 1868) appointed a justice in the
See also:court of
See also:common pleas .
Some of his sentences in this capacity excited much
See also:criticism, notably so in the case of the
See also:gas stokers' strike, when he sentenced the defendants to imprisonment for twelve months, with hard labour, which was afterwards reduced by the home secretary to four months . On the reconstitution of the court of appeal in 1876, Brett was elevated to the
See also:rank of a
See also:lord justice . After holding this position for seven years, he succeeded
See also:Jessel as master of the rolls in 1883 . In 1885 he was raised to the House of Lords as Baron Esher . He opposed the
See also:bill proposing that an accused
See also:person or his wife might give evidence in their own case, and supported the bill which empowered lords of appeal to sit and vote after their re' _1ement . The Solicitors
See also:Act of 1888, which increased the
See also:powers of the Incorporated Law Society, owed much to his influence . In 188o he delivered a remarkable speech in the House of Lords, deprecating the delay and expense of trials, which he regarded as having been increased by the Judicature Acts . Lord Esher suffered, perhaps, as master of the rolls from succeed ng a lawyer of such
See also:eminence as Jessel . He had a
See also:tongue, but also a fund of shrewd common sense, and one of his favourite considerations was whether a certain course was " business " or not . He retired from the
See also:bench at the close of 1897, and a viscounty was conferred upon him on his retirement, a dignity never given to any
See also:judge, lord chancellors excepted, " for mere legal conduct since the
See also:time of Lord
See also:Coke." He died in
See also:London on the 24th of May 1899 . Lord Esher was succeeded in the title by his only surviving son, Reginald Baliol Brett (b . 1852), who was secretary to the
See also:office of
See also:works from 1895 to 1902, but subsequently came into far greater public prominence in 1904 as chairman of the war office reconstitution
See also:committee after the South
See also:African War .
ESKER (O. Irish eiscir)
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