See also:town of Upper
See also:Egypt on the W.
See also:bank of the Nile, 454 M . S.S.E. of Cairo by
See also:rail, the railway station being on the opposite side of the
See also:river . Pop . (1897) 16,000, mostly
See also:Copts .
See also:Esna, one of the healthiest towns in Egypt, is noted for its manufactures of pottery and its large
See also:grain and live stock markets . It formerly had a large
See also:trade with the Sudan . A
See also:caravan road to the south goes through the
See also:oasis of Kurkur . The trade, almost stopped by the Mandist
See also:Wars, is now largely diverted by railway and steamboat routes . There is, however, considerable
See also:traffic with the oasis of Kharga, which lies almost due west of the town . Nearly in the centre of the town is the Ptolemaic and
See also:temple of the ram-headed
See also:Khnum, almost buried in rubbish and houses . The interior of the pronaos is accessible to tourists, and contains the latest known hieroglyphic inscription, dating from the reign of Decius (A.D . 249–251) .
With Khnum are associated the goddesses Sati and
See also:Neith . In the neighbourhood are remains of Coptic buildings, including a subterranean
See also:church (discovered 1895) in the
See also:half a mile beyond the limits of cultivation . The name Esna is from the Coptic Sne . By the Greeks the place was called Latopolis, from the worship here of the latus
See also:fish . In the persecutions under
See also:Diocletian A.D . 303, the Christians of Esna, a numerous
See also:body, suffered severely . In later times the town frequently served as a place of
See also:refuge for
See also:political exiles . The so-called Esna barrage across the Nile (built 1906–1908) is 30 M. higher up stream at
See also:Edfu .
JOHANNES FRIEDRICH AUGUST VON ESMARCH (1823-1908)
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