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JEAN ETIENNE DOMINIQUE ESQUIROL (1772...

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Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 776 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JEAN ETIENNE DOMINIQUE ESQUIROL (1772-1840), French alienist, was born at Toulouse on the 3rd of February 1772. In 1794 he became a pupil of the military hospital of Narbonne, and subsequently studied in Paris at the Salpetriere under P. Pinel, whose assistant he became. In 181 r he was chosen physician to the Salpetriere, and in 1817 he began a course of lectures on the treatment of the insane, in which he made such revelations of the abuses existing in the lunatic asylums of France that the government appointed a commission ' In practice this means every one receiving such a patent, commission or appointment. to inquire into the subject. Esquirol in this and other ways greatly assisted Pinel's efforts for the introduction of humaner methods. The asylums of Rouen, Nantes and Montpellier were built in accordance with his plans. In 1823 he became inspector-general of the university of Paris for the faculties of medicine, and in 1826 chief physician of the asylum at Charenton. He died at Paris on the 13th of December 1840. Besides contributing to the Dictionnaire des sciences medicales and the Encyclopedie
End of Article: JEAN ETIENNE DOMINIQUE ESQUIROL (1772-1840)
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