Online Encyclopedia

ESTE (anc. Ateste, q.v.)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 794 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ESTE (anc. Ateste, q.v.), a town and episcopal see of Venetia, Italy, in the province of Padua, 20 M. S.S.W. of it by rail. Pop. (1901) 8671 (town); 10,779 (commune). It lies 49 ft. above sea-level below the southern slopes of the Euganean Hills. The external walls of the castle still rise above the town on the N., but the interior is now occupied by the cattle-market. A fragment of the once enormous Palazzo Mocenigo, of the 16th century, is now occupied by the important archaeological museum (see ATESTE). The cathedral was erected in 169o–1720, on the site of an older building destroyed by an earthquake in 1688. S. Martino is a church in the Lombard Romanesque style. The archives in the Palazzo Comunale are important. After the Roman period the history of Este is a blank until the Lombard period, in which it was dependent on Monselice. In the loth century the family of Este (see above) established itself in the castle above the town. At the end of the 13th century Padua, which had already captured Este more than once, became definitely mistress of it. When the Carrara family succumbed in 1405, Este voluntarily surrendered to Venice and was allowed its independence, under a podesta; and thenceforth it followed the fortunes of Venetia. EST$BANEZ CALDERON, SERAFIN (1799-1867), a Spanish author, best known by the pseudonym of " El Solitario," was born at Malaga on the 27th of December 1799. His first literary effort was El Liston verde, a poem signed "Safinio" and written to celebrate the revolution of 182o. He was called to the bar, and settled for some time at Madrid, where i.e published a volume of verses in 1831 under the assumed name of " El Solitario." He obtained an exaggerated reputation as an Arabic scholar, and played a minor part in the political movements of his time. He died at Madrid on the 5th of February 1867. His most interesting work, Escenas 'andaluzas (1847), is in a curiouly affected style, the vocabulary being partly archaic and partly provincial; but, despite its eccentric mannerisms, it is a vivid record of picturesque scenes and local customs. Estebanez Calderon is also the author of an unfinished history, De la conquista y perdida de Portugal (1883), issued posthumously under the editorship of his nephew, Antonio Canovas del Castillo.
End of Article: ESTE (anc. Ateste, q.v.)
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