Online Encyclopedia

ETHYL CHLORIDE, or HYDROCHLORIC ETHER...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V09, Page 851 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ETHYL CHLORIDE, or HYDROCHLORIC ETHER, C2H5C1, a chemical compound prepared by passing dry hydrochloric acid gas into absolute alcohol. It is a colourless liquid with a sweetish burning taste and an agreeable odour. It is extremely volatile, boiling at 12.5° C. (54'5° F.), and is therefore a gas at ordinary room temperatures; it is stored in glass tubes fitted with screw-capped nozzles. The vapour burns with a smoky green-edged flame. It is largely used in dentistry and slight surgical operations to produce local anaesthesia (q.v.), and is known by the trade-name kelene. More volatile anaesthetics such as anestile or anaesthyl and coryl are produced by mixing with methyl chloride; a mixture of ethyl and methyl chlorides with ethyl bromide is known as somnoform.
End of Article: ETHYL CHLORIDE, or HYDROCHLORIC ETHER, C2H5C1
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