French dramatist and
See also:miscellaneous writer, was
See also:born near
See also:Saint Dizier, Haute
See also:Marne, on the 5th of
See also:January 1778 . He held various municipal offices under the Revolution and came in 1796 to
See also:Paris, where he produced his first
See also:opera, Le Reeve, in 1799, in collaboration with
See also:Frederic Gresnick . Although Etienne continued to write for the Paris theatres for twenty years from that date, he is remembered chiefly as the author of one
See also:comedy, which excited considerable controversy .
See also:Les Deux Gendres was represented at the Theatre
See also:Francais on the 11th of
See also:August 181o, and procured for its author a seat in the Academy . A rumour was put in circulation that Etienne had
See also:drawn largely on a
See also:play in the imperial library, entitled Conaxa, ou les gendres dupes . His rivals were not slow to take up the
See also:charge of
See also:plagiarism, to which Etienne replied that the
See also:story was an old one (it existed in an old French
See also:fabliau) and had already been treated by Alexis
See also:Piron in Les Fils ingrats . He was, however, driven later to make admissions which at least showed a certain lack of candour . The bitterness of the attacks made on him was no doubt in
See also:part due to his position as editor-in-chief of the official Journal de l'
See also:Empire . His next play, L'Intrigante (1812), hardly maintained the high-level of Les Deux Gendres; the patriotic opera L'Oriflamme and his lyric masterpiece Joconde date from 1814 . Etienne had been secretary to
See also:Maret, duc de Bassano, and in this capacity had accompanied
See also:Napoleon throughout his
See also:campaigns in Italy, Germany,
See also:Austria and Poland . During these journeys he produced one of his best pieces, Brueys et Palaprat (1807) . During the Restoration Etienne was an active member of the opposition .
He was seven times returned as
See also:deputy for the department of Meuse, and was in full sympathy with'the revolution of 1830, but the reforms actually carried out did not fulfil his expectations, and he gradually retired from public
See also:life . Among his other plays may be noted: Les Deux
See also:Meres, Le Pacha de Suresnes, and La Petite Ecole
See also:des peres, all produced in 1802, in collaboration with his friend Gaugiran de
See also:Nanteuil (1778-183o) . With Alphonse Dieudonne Martainville (1779-1830) he wrote an Histoire du Thedtre Francais (4 vols., 1802) during the revolutionary
See also:period . Etienne was a bitter opponent of the romanticists, one of whom,
See also:Alfred de
See also:Vigny, was his successor and panegyrist in the Academy . He died on the 13th of
See also:March 1845 . His Euvres (6 vols., 1846-1853) contain a
See also:notice of the author by L . Thiesse .
ETHYLENE, or ETHENE, C2H4
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