division Tubuliflorae of the natural
See also:Compositae, known botanically as Helichrysum orientale . It is a native of
See also:North Africa, Crete, and the parts of
See also:Asia bordering on the Mediterranean; and it is cultivated in many parts of
See also:Europe . It first became known in Europe about the
See also:year 1629, and has been cultivated since 1815 . In
See also:common with several other
See also:plants of the same
See also:group, known as " everlastings," the immortelle plant possesses a large involucre of dry scale-like or scarious bracts, which preserve their appearance when dried, provided the plant be gathered in proper
See also:condition . The chief supplies of Helichrysum orientale come from
See also:Provence, where it is cultivated in large quantities on the ground sloping to the Mediterranean, in positions well exposed to the
See also:sun, and usually in plots surrounded by dry
See also:stone walls . The finest
See also:flowers are grown on the elopes of Bandols and Ciotat, where the plant begins to flower in
See also:June . It requires a
See also:light sandy or stony
See also:soil, and is very readily injured by
See also:rain or heavy dews . It can be propagated in quantity by means of offsets from the older stems . The flowering stems are gathered in June, when the bracts are fully
See also:developed, all the fully-
See also:expanded and immature flowers being pulled off and rejected . A well-managed
See also:plantation is productive for eight or ten years . The plant is tufted in its growth, each plant producing 6o or 70 stems, while each
See also:stem produces an
See also:average of 20 flowers . About 400 such stems weigh a kilogramme .
A hectare of ground will produce 40,000 plants, bearing from 2,400,000 to 2,800,000 stems, and weighing from 51 to 61 tons, or from 2 to 3 tons peracre . The
See also:colour of the bracts is a deep yellow . The natural flowers are commonly used for garlands for the dead, or plants dyed black are mixed with the yellow ones . The plant is also dyed
See also:green or orange-red, and thus employed for bouquets or other ornamental purposes . Other
See also:species of Helichrysum and species of allied genera with scarious heads of flowers are also known as " everlastings." One of the best known is the Australian species H. bracteatum, with Several varieties, including
See also:double forms, of different
See also:colours; H. vestitum (Cape of
See also:Good Hope) has
See also:white satiny heads . Others are species of Helipterum (West
See also:Australia and South Africa), Ammobium and Waitzia (Australia) and Xeranthemum (south Europe) . Several members of the natural order Amarantaceae have also "
See also:everlasting " flowers; such are Gomphrena globosa, with rounded or
See also:oval heads of white, orange,
See also:rose or
See also:violet, scarious bracts, and Celosia pyramidalis, with its elegant, loose, pyramidal inflorescences . Frequently these everlastings are mixed with bleached
See also:grasses, as Lagurus ovatus, Briza
See also:maxima, Bromus brizaeformis, or with the leaves of the Cape
See also:tree (Leucadendron argenteum), to
See also:form bouquets or ornamental groups .
CHARLES SHAW LEFEVRE EVERSLEY
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