See also:law, a
See also:tract and the like, being specially contrasted with " implied." Thus in law, malice, for which there is actual evidence, as apart from that which may be inferred from the acts of the
See also:person charged, is known as "
See also:express." The word is most frequently used with the idea of something done with a definite purpose; the
See also:term " express
See also:train," now meaning one that travels at a high
See also:speed over long distances with few intermediate stoppages, was, in the early days of
See also:railways, applied to what is now usually called a "
See also:special," i.e. a train not
See also:running according to the ordinary
See also:time-tables of the railway
See also:company, but for some specific purpose, or engaged by a private person . About 1845 this term became used for a train running to a particular place without stopping . Similarly in the
See also:British postal service, express delivery is a special and immediate delivery of a
See also:letter, parcel, &c., by an express messenger at a particular increased
See also:rate . The
See also:system was adopted in 1891 . In the
See also:United States of
See also:America, express companies for the rapid transmission of parcels and luggage and
See also:light goods generally perform the
See also:function of the
See also:office or the railways in the United
See also:Kingdom and the continent of
See also:Europe . Not only do they deliver goods, but by the
See also:cash on delivery system (see CASH) the express companies
See also:act as agents both for the purchaser and seller of goods . They also serve as a most efficient agency for the transmission of
See also:money, the express money
See also:order being much more easily convertible than the postal money orders, as the latter can only be redeemed at offices in large and important towns . The system
See also:dates back to 1839, when one
See also:Frederick Harnden (1813-1845), a conductor on the Boston and
See also:Worcester railway, undertook on his own account the carrying of small parcels and the performance of small commissions . Obliged to leave the company's service or abandon his enterprise, he started' an " express " service between Boston and New
See also:York, carrying parcels, executing commissions and
See also:collecting drafts and hills . Alvin
See also:Adams followed in 184o, also between Boston and New York . From 1840 to 1845 the system was - adopted by many others between the more important towns throughout the States . The attempt to carry letters also was, stopped by the
See also:government as interfering with the post office .
In 1854 began the amalgamation .of many of the companies . Thus under the name of the Adams Express Company the services started by Harnden and Adams were consolidated . The lines connecting thewest and east by Albany,
See also:Buffalo and the lakes were consolidated in the
See also:American Express Company, under the direction of William G . Fargo (q.v.),
See also:Wells and
See also:Johnston Livingston, while another company, Wells, Fargo & Co., operated on the Pacific
See also:coast . The celebrated "
See also:Pony Express " was started in 186o between
See also:San Francisco and St
See also:Missouri, the time scheduled being eight days . The service was carried on by relays of horses, with stations 25 M. apart . The
See also:charge made for the service was $2.5o per oz . The completion of the Pacific Telegraph Company
See also:line in 1861 was followed by the discontinuance of the
See also:regular service . The name " express " is applied to a
See also:rifle having high velocity,
See also:flat trajectory and long fixed-sight ranges; and an " express-bullet " is a light bullet with a heavy charge of powder used in such a rifle (see RIFLE) .
EXPORTS AND IMPORTS OF THREE SOUTH AMERICAN
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