See also:law the
See also:term applied to the exaction by public
See also:officers of
See also:money or money's worth not due at all, or in excess of what is due, or before it is due . Such exaction, unless made in
See also:good faith (i.e. in honest
See also:mistake as to the sum properly payable), is a misdemeanour by the
See also:common law and is punishable by
See also:fine and (or) imprisonment . Besides the punishment above stated, an
See also:action for twice the value of the thing extorted lies against officers of the
See also:king (127513 Edw . I. c . 26) . There are numerous provisions for the punishment of particular officers who make illegal exactions or take illegal fees: e.g. sheriffs and their officers (Sheriffs
See also:Act 1887),
See also:court bailiffs (County Courts Act 1888), clerks of courts of
See also:justice, and gaolers who exact fees from prisoners . A gaoler is also punishable for detaining the
See also:corpse of a prisoner as security for
See also:debt . The term " public officer " is not limited to offices under the
See also:crown; and there are old precedents of criminal proceedings for extortion against churchwardens, and against millers and ferrymen who demand tolls in excess of what is customary under their franchise . The term extortion is also applied to the exaction of money or money's worth by menaces of
See also:personal violence or by threats to accuse of
See also:crime or to publish defamatory
See also:matter about another
See also:person . These offences fall partly under the
See also:head of robbery and partly under
See also:blackmail, or what in French is termed
See also:chantage . See
See also:Russell on Crimes (6th ed., vol. i. p . 423; vol. iii. p .
EXTRACT (from Lat. extrahere, to draw out)
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