FABRE D'EGLANTINE, PHILIPPE
See also:FRANCOIS NAZAIRE (1750-1794), French dramatist and revolutionist, was
See also:born at
See also:Carcassonne on the 28th of
See also:July 1750 . His real name was
See also:simple Fabre, the " d'Iglantine " being added in
See also:commemoration of his receiving the
See also:golden eglantine of Clemence Isaure from the academy of the floral
See also:games at Toulouse . After travelling through the provinces as an actor, he came to
See also:Paris, and produced an unsuccessful
See also:comedy entitled
See also:Les Gens de lettres, ou le provincial a Paris (1787) . A tragedy,
See also:Augusta, produced at the Theatre
See also:Francais, was also a failure . One only of his plays, Philinte, ou la suite du Misanthrope (1790), still preserves its reputation . It professes to be a continuation of
See also:Moliere's Misanthrope, but the hero of the piece is of a different character from - the nominal prototype—an impersonation, indeed, of pure and simple egotism . On its publication the
See also:play was introduced by a preface, in which the author mercilessly satirizes the Optimiste of his
See also:rival J . F . Collin d'Harleville, whose Chateaux en Espagne had gained the applause which Fabre's Presomptueux (1789) had failed to win . The character of Philinte had much
See also:political significance . Alceste received the highest praise, and evidently represents the
See also:citizen patriot, while Philinte is a dangerous aristocrat in disguise . Fabre was
See also:president and secretary of the
See also:club of the
See also:Cordeliers, and belonged also to the Jacobin club .
He was chosen by
See also:Danton as his private secretary, and sat in the
See also:Convention . He voted for the
See also:death, supporting the maximum and the
See also:law of the suspected, and he was a bitter enemy of the Girondins . After the death of
See also:Marat he published a Portrait de l'Ami du Peuple . On the abolition of the Gregorian
See also:calendar he sat on the
See also:committee entrusted with the formation of the republican substitute, and to him was due a large
See also:part of the new nomenclature, with its poetic Prairial and Floreal, its prosaic Primidi and Duodi . The
See also:report which he made on the subject, on the 24th of
See also:October, has some scientific value . On the 12th of
See also:January 1794 he was arrested by
See also:order of the committee of public safety on a
See also:charge of malversation and forgery in connexion with the affairs of the Compagnie
See also:des Indes . Documents still existing prove that the charge was altogether groundless . During his trial Fabre showed the greatest calmness and sang his own well-known
See also:song of Il pleut, it pleut, bergire, rentre tes blancs moutons . He was guillotined on the 5th of
See also:April 1794 . On his way to the
See also:scaffold he distributed his
See also:manuscript poems to the
See also:people . A
See also:posthumous play, Les Precepteurs, steeped with the doctrines of
See also:Rousseau's Emile, was performed on the 17th of
See also:September 1794, and met with an enthusiastic reception . Among Fabre's other plays are the gay and successful Convalescent de qualite (1791), and L'Intrigue epistolaire (1791) .
In the latter play Fabre is supposed to have
See also:drawn a portrait .of the painter
See also:Greuze . The author's U2uvres melees et posthumes were published at Paris 1802, 2 vols . See
See also:Albert Maurin, Galerie Kist. de la Revolution francaise, tome II; Jules
See also:Janin, Hist. de la lilt. dram . ; Chenier, Tableau de la tilt. francaise; F . A .
See also:Aulard in the Nouvelle Revue (July 1885) .
FERDINAND FABRE (183o—1898)
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