See also:scholar and bibliographer, was
See also:born at
See also:Leipzig on the 11th of
See also:November 1668 . His
See also:Fabricius, director of
See also:music in the
See also:church of St Paul at Leipzig, was the author of several
See also:works, the most important being Deliciae Harmonicae (1656) . The son received his early
See also:education from his father, who on his deathbed recommended him to the care of the theologian Valentin Alberti . He studied under J . G . Herrichen, and after-wards at Quedlinburg under
See also:Samuel Schmid . It was in Schmid's library, as he afterwards said, that he found the two books, F . Barth's Adversaria and D . G .
See also:Morhof's Polyhistor Literarius, which suggested to him the idea of his Biblioihecae, the works on which his
See also:great reputation was founded . Having returned to Leipzig in 1686, he published anonymously (two years later) his first
See also:work, Scriptorum receniiorum decas, an attack on ten writers of the
See also:day . His Decas Decadum, sive plagiariorum et pseudonymorum ceniuria (1689) is the only one of his works to which he signs the name
See also:Faber .
He then applied himself to the study of
See also:medicine, which, however, he relinquished for thatof
See also:theology; and having gone to
See also:Hamburg in 1693, he proposed to travel abroad, when the unexpected tidings that the expense of his education had absorbed his whole patrimony, and even
See also:left him in
See also:debt to his trustee, forced him to abandon his project . He therefore remained at Hamburg in the capacity of librarian to J . F . Mayer . In 1696 he accompanied his
See also:patron to Sweden; and on his return to Hamburg, not long afterwards, he became a
See also:candidate for the
See also:chair of logic and philosophy . The suffrages being equally divided between Fabricius and Sebastian Edzardus, one of his opponents, the
See also:appointment was decided by, lot in favour of Edzardus; but in 1699 Fabricius succeeded Vincent Placcius in the chair of rhetoric and ethics, a
See also:post which he held till his
See also:death, refusing invitations to Greifswald,
See also:Giessen and
See also:Wittenberg . He died at Hamburg on the 3oth of
See also:April 1736 . Fabricius is credited with 128 books, but very many of them were only books which he had edited . One of the most famed and laborious of these is the Bibliotheca
See also:Latina (1697, republished in an improved and amended
See also:form by J . A . Ernesti, 1773) . The divisions of the compilation are—the writers to the age of Tiberius; thence to that of the Antonines; and thirdly, to the decay of the language; a
See also:fourth gives fragments from old authors, and chapters on early Christian literature .
A supplementary work was Bibliotheca Latina mediae et infimae Aetatis (1734–1736; supplementary
See also:volume by C . Schottgen, 1746; ed . Mansi, 1754) . His chef-d'ceuvre, however, is the Bibliotheca Graeca (1705-1728, revised and continued by G . C . Harles, 179o-1812), a work which has justly been denominated maximus antiquae eruditionis
See also:thesaurus . Its divisions are marked off by
See also:Plato, Christ,
See also:Constantine, and the capture of Constantinople in 1453, while a
See also:sixth section is devoted to
See also:jurisprudence and medicine . Of his remaining works we may mention:—Bibliotheca Antiquaria, an account of the writers whose works illustrated
See also:Hebrew, Greek,
See also:Roman and Christian antiquities (1713); Centifolium Lulheranum, a Lutheran bibliography (1728); Bibliotheca Ecclesiastica (1718) . His Codex Apocryphus (1703) is still considered indispensable as an authority on apocryphal Christian literature . The details of the
See also:life of Fabricius are to be found in De Vita et Scriptis J . A . Fabricii Commentarius, by his son-in-law, H .
See also:Reimarus, the well-known editor of Dio Cassius, published at Hamburg, 1737 ; see also C . F .
See also:Bahr in
See also:Ersch and
See also:Gruber's Allgemeine Encyclopeidie, and J . E . Sandys, Hist . Class . Schol. iii . (1908) .
JOHANN CHRISTIAN FABRICIUS (1745-18o8)
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