Online Encyclopedia

FACTION (through the French, from Lat...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 121 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
FACTION (through the French, from Lat. factio, a company of persons combined for action, facere, to do; from the other French derivative facon comes " fashion "), a term, used especially with an opprobrious meaning, for a body of partisans who put their party aims and interests above those of the state or public, and employ unscrupulous or questionable means; it is thus a common term of reciprocal abuse between parties. In the history of the Roman and Later Roman empires the factions ( factiones) of the circus and hippodrome, at Rome and Constantinople, played a prominent part in politics. The factibnes were properly the four companies into which the charioteets were divided, and distinguished by the colours they wore. Originally at Rome there were only two, white (albata) and red (rztssata), when each race was open to two chariots only; on the increase to four, the green (prasina) and blue (veneta) were added. At Constantinople the last two absorbed the red and white factions. For a brilliant description of the factions at Constantinople- under Justinian, and the part they played in the celebrated 'Nika riot in January 532, see Gibbon's Decline and Fall, ch. xl.; and J. B. Bury's Appendix to in vol. iv. of his edition (1898), for a discussion of the relationship between the factiones and the demes of Constantinople.
End of Article: FACTION (through the French, from Lat. factio, a company of persons combined for action, facere, to do; from the other French derivative facon comes " fashion ")
[back]
FACE (from Lat. fades, derived either from facere, ...
[next]
FACTOR (from Lat. facere, to make or do)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.