FAMILISTS , a
See also:term of
See also:English origin (later adopted in other
See also:languages) to denote the members of the Familia Caritatis (Hits der Lieften; Huis der Liefde; Haus der Liebe; "
See also:Family of Love "), founded by Hendrik Niclaes (
See also:born on the 9th or loth of
See also:January 1501 or 1502, probably at Munster; died after 1570, not later than 1581, probably in 1580) . His calling was that of a
See also:merchant, in which he and his son
See also:Franz prospered, becoming ultimately wealthy . Not till 1540 did he appear in the character of one divinely endowed with "the spirit of the true love of Jesus Christ." For twenty years (1540—156o)
See also:Emden was the headquarters at once of his merchandise and of his propaganda; but he travelled in both interests to various countries, visiting England in 1552 Or 1553 . To this
See also:period belong most of his writings . His
See also:work was Den Spegel der Gherechticheit dorch den Geist der Liefden
See also:uncle den 'vergodeden Mensch H.N. uth de hemmelische Warheit betiiget . It appeared in an English
See also:form with the author's revision, as An Introduction to the
See also:holy Understanding of the Glasse of Righteousness (1575?; reprinted in 1649) . None of his
See also:works bear his name in full; his initials were mystically interpreted as
See also:standing for Homo Novus . His "
See also:glass of righteousness " is the spirit of Christ as interpreted by him . The remarkable fact was brought out by G .
See also:Arnold (and more fully by F . Nippold in 1862) that the printer of Niclaes's works was Christopher
See also:Plantin, of Antwerp, a specially privileged printer of
See also:Roman Catholic
See also:theology and
See also:liturgy, yet secretly a steadfast adherent of Niclaes . It is true that Niclaes claimed to hold an impartial attitude towards all existing religious parties, and his mysticism, derived froth
See also:Joris, was undogmatic .
Yet he admitted his followers by the rite of adult
See also:baptism, and set up a hierarchy among them on the Roman
See also:model (see his E'vangelium Regni, in English A Joyfull
See also:Message of the
See also:Kingdom, 1574?; reprinted, 1652) . His
See also:pantheism had an antinomian
See also:drift; for himself and his officials he claimed impeccability; but, whatever truth there may be in the
See also:charge that among his followers were those who interpreted " love " as licence, no such charge can be sustained against the morals of Niclaes and the other leaders of the
See also:sect . His chief apostle in England was Christopher Vitel, a native of
See also:Delft, an " illuminate elder," living at Colchester and
See also:Southwark, who ultimately recanted . The society spread in the eastern counties, in spite of repressive
See also:measures; it revived under the
See also:Commonwealth, and lingered into the early years of the 18th century; the leading idea of its " service of love " was a reliance on sympathy and tenderness for the moral and spiritual edification of its members . Thus, in an age of strife and polemics, it seemed to afford a
See also:refuge for quiet, gentle
See also:spirits, and meditative temperaments . See F . Nippold, " H . Niclaes u. das Haus der Liebe," in Zeitschrift fur die histor . Theol . (1862) ; article " H . Niclaes " in A . J.
See also:van der Aa, Biog .
Woordenboek der Nederlanden (1868) ; article " H .
See also:Nicholas," by C . Fell
See also:Smith, in
See also:Diet . Nat . Biog . (1894) ; article " Familisten," by Loafs, in Herzog-Hauck's Realencyklopadie (1898) . (A .
FAMILIAR (through the Fr. familier, from Lat. famil...
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