Online Encyclopedia

FANO (anc. Fanum Fortunae, q.v.)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 170 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FANO (anc. Fanum Fortunae, q.v.)  , a
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town and episcopal see of the Marches, Italy, in the province of Pesaro and Urbino, 8 m . S.E. of the former by
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rail, and 46 ft. above sea-level, on the N.E. coast of Italy . Pop . (1901), town 10,535, commune 24,730 . The
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cathedral has a 13th century portal, but the interior is unimportant . The vestibule of S . Francesco contains the tombs of some members of the Malatesta
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family . S . Croce and S . Maria Nuova contain
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works by Giovanni Santi, the
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father of Raphael; the latter has also two works by Perugino, the
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predella of one of which is attributed to Raphael . S . Agostino contains a
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painting of S .

Angelo Custode (" the

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Guardian
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Angel "), which is the subject of a poem by Robert Browning . The
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fine
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Gothic Palaz,.' della Ragione (1299) has been converted into a theatre . The palace of the Malatesta, with fine porticos and Gothic windows, was much damaged by an
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earthquake in 1874 . S . Michele, built against the arch of Augustus, is an early Renaissance
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building (1475-1490), probably by Matteo Nuzio of Fano, with an ornate portal . The
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facade has an interesting
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relief showing the
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colonnade added by
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Constantine as an upper storey to the arch of Augustus and removed in 1463 . Fano in the
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middle ages passed through various
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political vicissitudes, and in the 14th century became subject to the Malatesta . In 1458
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Pius II. added it to the states of the Church .
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Julius II. established here in 1514 the first printing press with movable Arabic type . The harbour was restored by Paul V. but is now unimportant .

End of Article: FANO (anc. Fanum Fortunae, q.v.)
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