FATHER , the begetter of a
See also:child, the male
See also:parent . The word is
See also:common to Teutonic
See also:languages, and, like the other words for close
See also:family relationship,
See also:brother, son,
See also:sister, daughter, appears in most Indo -
See also:European languages . The 0 . Eng.
See also:form is feeder, and it appears in Ger . Vater, Dutch vader, Gr . 1raTitp,
See also:pater, whence Romanic Fr.
See also:pen, Span. padre, &c . The word is used of male ancestors more remote than the actual male parent, and of ancestors in general . It is applied to
See also:God, as the Father of Jesus Christ, and as the Creator of the
See also:world, and is thus the orthodox
See also:term for the First
See also:Person of the Trinity . Of the transferred uses of the word many have religious reference; thus it is used of the Christian writers, usually confined to those of the first five centuries, the Fathers of the
See also:Church (see below), of whom those who flourished at the end of, or just after the age of, the apostles are known as the Apostolic Fathers . One who stands as a spiritual parent to another is his " father," e.g. god-father, or in the title of bishops or archbishops, Right or Most Reverend Father in God . The
See also:pope is, in the
See also:Roman Church, the
See also:Holy Father . In the Roman Church, father is strictly applied to a "
See also:regular," a member of one of the religious orders, and so always in
See also:Europe, in
See also:English usage, often applied to a
See also:confessor, whether regular or secular, and to any Roman
See also:priest, and sometimes used of sub-members of a religious society or fraten.ity in the English Church .
Of transferred uses, other than religious, may be mentioned the application to the first founders of an institution, constitution,epoch, &c . Thus the earliest settlers of
See also:America are the
See also:Pilgrim Fathers, and the framers of the
See also:United States constitution are the Fathers of the Constitution . In
See also:ancient Rome the members of the
See also:senate are the Patres conscripli, the " Conscript fathers." The
See also:senior member or
See also:doyen of a society is often called the father . Thus the member of the English
See also:House of
See also:Commons, and similarly, of the House of Representatives in the United States, America, who has sat for the longest
See also:period uninterruptedly, is the Father of the House .
FATHERS OF THE CHURCH
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