Online Encyclopedia

FELIX

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 239 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FELIX, of Valois (1127-r212), one of the founders of the monastic order of Trinitarians or Redemptionists, was born in the district of Valois, France, on the 19th of April 1127. In early manhood he became a hermit in the forest of Galeresse, where he remained till his sixty-first year, when his disciple Jean de Matha (116o-1213) suggested to him the idea of establishing an order of monks who should devote their lives to the redemption of Christiancaptives from the Saracens. They journeyed to Rome about the end of 1197, obtained the sanction of the pope, and on their return to France founded the monastery of Cerfroi in Picardy. Felix remained to govern and propagate the order, while Jean de Matha superintended the foreign journeys. A subordinate establishment was also founded by Felix in Paris near a chapel dedicated to St Mathurin, on which account his monks were also called St Mathurins. He died at Cerfroi on the 4th of November 1212, and was canonized.
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