archbishop of Cologne, son of
See also:William V., duke of
See also:Bavaria, was
See also:born on the 7th of
See also:October 1577 . Intended for the
See also:church, he was educated by the
See also:Jesuits at the university of
See also:Ingolstadt, and in 1595 became coadjutor archbishop of Cologne . He became elector and arch-
See also:bishop in 1612 on the
See also:death of his
See also:uncle Ernest, whom he also succeeded as bishop of Liege, Munster and
See also:Hildesheim . He endeavoured resolutely to
See also:root out
See also:heresy in the lands under his
See also:rule, and favoured the teaching of the Jesuits in every possible way . He supported the
See also:league founded by his
See also:brother Maximilian I., duke of Bavaria, and wished to involve the leaguers in a general attack on the Protestants of
See also:north Germany . The cool
See also:political sagacity of the duke formed a
See also:sharp contrast to the impetuosity of the archbishop, and he refused to accede to his brother's wish; but, in spite of these temporary differences,
See also:Ferdinand sent troops and
See also:money to the assistance of the league when the
See also:Thirty Years' War broke out in 1619 . The elector's
See also:alliance with the Spaniards secured his territories to a
See also:great extent from the depredations of the war until the arrival of the Swedes in Germany in 163o, when the extension of the
See also:area of the struggle to the neighbourhood of Cologne induced him to enter into negotiations for peace . Nothing came of these attempts until 1647, when he joined his brother Maximilian in concluding an armistice with France and Sweden at
See also:Ulm . The elector's later years were marked by a conflict with the citizens of Liege; and when the peace of Westphalia freed him from his enemies, he was able to crush the citizens and deprive them of many privileges . Ferdinand, who had held the bishopric of Paderborn since 1618, died at
See also:Arnsberg on the 13th of
See also:September 165o, and was buried in the
See also:cathedral at Cologne . See L . Ennen, Frankreich and der Niederrhein
See also:oder Geschichte von Stadt and Kurstadt Koln seit dem3ojahrigen Kriege,
See also:Band i .
(Cologne, 1855—1856) .
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