See also:town and episcopal see of Italy, in the province of Rome, from which it is 48 m . E.S.E. by
See also:rail . Pop . (1901) 7957 (town), 12,299 (commune) . It is picturesquely situated on a
See also:hill 1290 ft. above
See also:sea-level, and still possesses considerable remains of
See also:ancient fortifications . The
See also:lower portion of the
See also:outer walls, which probably did not stand
See also:free, is built of roughly hewn blocks of a
See also:limestone which naturally splits into
See also:horizontal layers; above this in places is walling of rectangular blocks of tufa . Two
See also:gates, the Porta Sanguinaria (with an arch with tufa voussoirs), and the Porta S . Maria, a
See also:gate constructed entirely of rectangular blocks of tufa, are preserved . Outside this gate is the
See also:tomb of A . Quinctilius
See also:Priscus, a
See also:citizen of Ferentinum, with a long inscription cut in the
See also:rock . See Th .
See also:Mommsen in Corp .
See also:Lat. x . (Berlin, 1883), No . 5853 . The highest
See also:part of the town, the acropolis, is fortified also; it has massive retaining walls similar to those of the lower town . At the eastern corner, under the
See also:present episcopal palace, the construction is somewhat more careful . A projecting rectangular terrace has been erected, supported by walls of
See also:quadrilateral blocks of limestone arranged almost horizontally; while upon the level thus formed a
See also:building of rectangular blocks of
See also:local travertine was raised . The projecting cornice of this building bears two inscriptions of the
See also:period of Sulla, recording its construction by two censors (local officials); and in the interior, which contains several
See also:chambers, there is an inscription of the same censors over one of the doors; and another over a smaller
See also:external side
See also:door . The windows
See also:lighting these chambers come immediately above the cornice, and the
See also:wall continues above them again . The whole of this construction probably belongs to one period (Mommsen, op. cit . No . 5837 seq.) .
See also:cathedral occupies a part of the level top of the ancient acropolis; it was reconstructed on the site of an older
See also:church in 1099—1118; the interior was modernized in 1693, but was restored to its
See also:form in 1902 . It contains a
See also:canopy in the " Cosmatesque "
See also:style (see Relazione dei lavori eseguiti dall' officio tecnico per la conservazione dei monumenti di Rome a provincia, Rome, 1903, 175 seq.) . The
See also:Gothic church of S . Maria Maggiore, in the Lower town (13th-14th century), has a very fine exterior; the interior, the plan of which is a perfect rectangle, has been spoilt by restoration . There are several other Gothic churches in the town . Ferentinum was the chief town of the
See also:Hernici; it was captured from them by the Romans in 364 B.C. and took no part in the rising of 306 B.C . The inhabitants became
See also:Roman citizens after195 B.C., and the place later became a municipium . It
See also:lay just above the Via
See also:Latina and, being a strong place, served for the detention of hostages . Horace praises its quietness, and it does not appear much in later
See also:history . (T . As.) See further
See also:Ashby, Rom . Mitteil.
See also:xxiv .
FERENTUM, or FERENTINUM
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