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JEAN FRANCOIS FERNEL (1497-1558)

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Originally appearing in Volume V10, Page 281 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JEAN FRANCOIS FERNEL (1497-1558), French physician, was born at Clermont in 1497, and after receiving his early education at his native town, entered the college of Sainte-Barbe, Paris. At first he devoted himself to mathematical and astronomical studies; his Cosmotheoria (1528) records a determination of a degree of the meridian, which he made by counting the re-volutions of his carriage wheels on a journey between Paris and Amiens. But from 1534 he gave himself up entirely to medicine, in which he graduated in 1J30. His extraordinary general erudition, and the skill and success with which he sought to revive the study of the old Greek physicians, gained him a great teputation, and ultimately the office of physician to the court. Me practised with great success, and at his death in 1558 left behind him an immense fortune. He also wrote Monalosphaerium, sive astrolabii genus, generals horarii structura et uses (1526); De proportionibus (1528); De evacuandi ratione (1545); De abditis reruns causis (1548); and Medicina ad Henricum I7. (1554).
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